Prostatitis, which is inflammation of the prostate gland, affects males and can be painful. A bacterial infection is a possible cause, but injury, muscle tension, or prostate stones can also be responsible for prostatitis. An injury or infection can cause swelling around the prostate that can affect the nerves and lead to pain.
Risk Factors for Prostatitis include: young or middle-aged adulthood, previous prostatitis, infection of the urinary or reproductive system, HIV infection or AIDS, use of a tube inserted into the urethra to drain the bladder (urinary catheter), diagnostic sampling of prostate tissue (biopsy).
Signs and Symptoms of Prostatitis can vary depending on the type of disorder.
They may include: pain or burning sensation when urinating (dysuria), difficulty urinating, such as dribbling or hesitant urination, frequent urination, particularly at night (nocturia), urgent need to urinate, cloudy urine, blood in the urine, pain in the abdomen, groin or lower back, pain in the area between the scrotum and rectum (perineum), pain or discomfort of the penis or testicles, Painful ejaculation, Fever, chills, muscle aches and other flu-like symptoms (with acute bacterial prostatitis). Complications of acute or chronic prostatitis can include: bacterial infection of the blood (bacteremia), inflammation of the coiled tube attached to the back of the testicle (epididymitis), pus-filled cavity in the prostate (prostatic abscess), infection that spreads to the upper pelvic bone or lower spine.