• BY Dr. Rajeev's Clinic
  • 15-Nov-2022


Acute kidney injury (AKI) is also known as acute renal failure (ARF), which is a sudden episode of kidney failure or kidney damage that happens within a few hours or a few days. It causes a build-up of waste products in our blood and makes it hard for our kidneys to keep the right balance of fluid in our body. It can also affect other organs such as the brain, heart, and lungs.


  • Too little urine leaving the body
  • Swelling in legs, ankles, and around the eyes
  • Fatigue or tiredness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Confusion
  • Nausea
  • Seizures or coma in severe cases
  • Chest pain or pressure

In some cases, AKI causes no symptoms and is only found through other tests done by your healthcare provider.


Acute kidney injury can have many different causes.  AKI can be caused by the following:

Decreased blood flow

Some diseases and conditions can slow blood flow to your kidneys and cause AKI.

These diseases and conditions include:

  • Low blood pressure (called “hypotension”) or shock
  • Blood or fluid loss (such as bleeding, severe diarrhea)
  • Heart attack, heart failure, and other conditions leading to decreased heart function
  • Organ failure (e.g., heart, liver)
  • Overuse of pain medicines called”, which are used to reduce swelling or relieve pain from headaches, colds, flu, and other ailments.  Examples include BELLADONNA,  APIS MELLIFICA, BRYONIA,
  • Severe allergic reactions
  • Burns
  • Injury
  • Major surgery 

Direct Damage to The Kidneys

Some disease and conditions can damage your kidneys and lead to AKI. Some examples include:

  • A type of severe, life-threatening infection called “sepsis”
  • A type of cancer called “multiple myeloma”
  • A rare condition that causes inflammation and scarring to your blood vessels, making them stiff, weak, and narrow (called “vasculitis”)
  • An allergic reaction to certain types of drugs (called “interstitial nephritis”)
  • A group of diseases (called “scleroderma”) that affect the connective tissue that supports your internal organs
  • Conditions that cause inflammation or damage to the kidney tubules, to the small blood vessels in the kidneys, or to the filtering units in the kidneys (such as “tubular necrosis,” “glomerulonephritis, “vasculitis” or “thrombotic microangiopathy”

Blockage of The Urinary Tract

In some people, conditions or diseases can block the passage of urine out of the body and can lead to AKI. 

Blockage can be caused by:

  • Bladder, prostate, or cervical cancer
  • Enlarged prostate
  • Problems with the nervous system that affect the bladder and urination
  • Hydronephrosis
  • Kidney stones  

 Tests Are Done to Find Out If I Have Acute Kidney Injury.

Depending on the cause of your acute kidney injury, your healthcare provider will run different tests if he or she suspects that you may have AKI. It is important that AKI is found as soon as possible because it can lead to chronic kidney disease, or It may also lead to heart disease or death.

The following tests may be done:

  • Measuring urine output: Your healthcare provider will track how much urine you pass each day to help find the cause of your AKI.
  • Urine tests: Your healthcare provider will look at your urine  and  find signs of kidney failure
  • Blood tests: Blood tests will help find levels of creatinine, urea nitrogen phosphorus and potassium should be done in addition to blood tests for protein in order to look at kidney function.  
  • GFR: Your blood test will also help find your GFR (glomerular filtration rate) to estimate the decrease in kidney function
  • Imaging tests: Imaging tests, such as ultrasound, may help your doctor see your kidneys and look for anything abnormal.
  • Kidney biopsy:  In some situations, your healthcare provider will do a procedure where a tiny piece of your kidney is removed with a special needle, and looked at under a microscope.


Homeopathic medicine depends upon totality of symptoms, and signs displayed by the individual patients.

  1. Apis Mellifica : This medicine is recommended by homeopathy doctors if you suffer from mild kidney dysfunctions. There are great belief and trust in homeopathy treatment for kidney injury and failure. This particular medicine may help increase our urination and reduce our GLOMERULONEPHRITIS. It also helps to improve our urine quality. With this medicine, the albumin in your blood increases and you feel much relaxed and can sleep better.
  2. Arsenicum Album

Arsenicum Album is a preferred medicine for treating chronic kidney failure. It is used to treat patients in the later stages of kidney failure when they experience excessive thirst, pale and waxy skin, diarrhoea, pale and waxy skin. Also, when the colour of the urine is darker yellow and is full of albumin, this homeopathic medicine is used. It also helps to create a line of mucus that makes breathing easier for chronic patients.

  1. Aurum Muriaticum

This particular homeopathic medicine is used to treat severe diseases like Bright’s disease that is caused by syphilis. It very much helps in reducing the agitation in the digestive tract and helps in proper functioning of the nervous system as well. One of the most common outcome of kidney failure is vertigo. But, if you start on Aurum Muriaticum medication, you will be able to keep your vertigo in control.

  1. Cantharis

There is another condition of the kidneys called nephritis. It is the inflammation of kidneys and could affect your system if not kept in control. A person suffering from nephritis suffers from extreme pain in the pelvic region. Nephritis also makes it painful to pass urine and is quite a severe disease. When a person is suffering from nephritis, their legs, hands, feet and face swell and it could get very serious. When cantharis is used as a homeopathic treatment, it gives relief from pain and makes a living better for the person. Nephritis can also lead to blood in the urine, and one needs to take special care and connect with homeopathy doctors for better effect and relief.