- BY Dr. Rajeev's Clinic
Eating disorder starts with the obsession with food or body weight or body shape. It is a range of psychological disorder that causes unhealthy eating habits to develop.
In severe cases, eating disorders can cause serious health consequences and may even result in death if left untreated. In fact, eating disorder are among the deadliest mental illness, second to opioid overdose.
Types of eating disorders include:
- Binge eating disorder, where the patient eats a large amount in a short period of time;
- Anorexia nervosa, where the person has an intense fear of gaining weight and restricts food or over exercises to manage this fear;
- Bulimia nervosa, where individuals eat a large quantity (binging) then try to rid themselves of the food (purging);
- Pica where the patient eats non-food items;
- Rumination syndrome, where the patient regurgitates undigested or minimally digested food;
- Avoidant /Restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), where people have a reduced or selective food intake due to some psychological reasons;
- A group of other specified feeding or eating disorders.
- Anxiety disorders,
- depression and
- substance abuse is common among people with eating disorders.
These disorders do not include obesity. People often experience co-morbidity between an eating disorder and OCD. It is estimated 20-60% of patients with an ED have a history of OCD.
MENTAL AND BEHAVIORAL SIGNS MAY INCLUDE:
- Dramatic weight loss
- Concern about eating in public
- Preoccupation with weight, food, calories, fat grams, or dieting
- Complaints of constipation, cold intolerance, abdominal pain, lethargy, or excess energy
- Excuses to avoid mealtime
- Intense fear of weight gains or being "fat"
- Dressing in layers to hide weight loss or stay warm
- Severely limiting and restricting the amount and types of food consumed
- Refusing to eat certain foods
- Denying feeling hungry
- Expressing a need to "burn off" calories
- Repeatedly weighing oneself
- Patterns of binge eating and purging
Treatment varies by disorder and may involve counseling, dietary advice, reducing excessive exercise, and the reduction of efforts to eliminate food. HOMOEOPATHIC Treatment for eating disorder is effective as the medicine acts both on mental and physical sphere which help the patient to improve mental and physical health.