A comedones are skin pore or hair follicle which get clogged with oil, dead skin cells and bacteria. It is of two types: (1) Open (Black heads) or (2) Closed (Whiteheads). Comedones are small, flesh-colored, white, or dark bumps that give skin a rough texture. The bumps are caused by acne. solid core can often be seen in the middle of the small bump.
CAUSES: Oil production in the sebaceous glands increases during puberty, causing comedones and acne to be common in adolescents. Acne is also found premenstrually and in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome. Smoking may worsen acne. Oxidation rather than poor hygiene or dirt causes blackheads to be black. Washing or scrubbing the skin too much could make it worse, by irritating the skin. Touching and picking at comedones might cause irritation and spread infection. What effect shaving has on the development of comedones or acne is unclear. Some skin products might increase comedones by blocking pores, and greasy hair products can worsen acne.
MANAGEMENT: Using nonoily cleansers and mild soap may not cause as much irritation to the skin as regular soap. Squeezing blackheads and whiteheads can remove them, but can also damage the skin. Doing so increases the risk of causing or transmitting infection and scarring, as well as potentially pushing any infection deeper into the skin. Comedo extractors are used with careful hygiene in beauty salons and by dermatologists, usually after using steam or warm water.
HOMOEOPATHIC TREATMENT: Homoeopathic medicine has been effectively used in the treatment of comedones. With wide range of medicine based on skin texture along with a persons physical and mental background have been effectively treating the comedones through homoeopathic medicine.