It is a serious condition in which part of the intestine slides into an adjacent part of the intestine. This telescoping action often blocks food or fluid from passing through. Intussusception also cuts off the blood supply to the part of the intestine that's affected
The pain of intussusception comes and goes, usually every 15 to 20 minutes at first. These painful episodes last longer and happen more often as time passes.
Other frequent signs and symptoms of intussusception include:
Not everyone has all of the symptoms. Some infants have no obvious pain, and some children do not pass blood or have a lump in the abdomen. Some older children have pain but no other symptoms.
Because intussusception is rare in adults
some symptoms that comes and goes are ;
1.Nausea and vomiting
2.People sometimes have symptoms for weeks before seeking medical attention.
In some cases, the telescoping is caused by an abnormal growth in the intestine, such as;
polyp or a tumor (called a lead point). The normal wave-like contractions of the intestine grab this lead point and pull it and the lining of the intestine into the bowel ahead of it. In most cases, however, no cause can be identified for intussusception.
In the vast majority of cases of intussusception in children, the cause is unknown. Because intussusception seems to occur more often in the fall and winter and because many children with the problem also have flu-like symptoms, some suspect a virus may play a role in the condition. Sometimes, a lead point can be identified as the cause of the condition ,most frequently the lead point is a Meckel's diverticulum (a pouch in the lining of the small intestine).
In adults, intussusception is usually the result of a medical condition or procedure, including:
Risk factors for intussusception include:
Peritonitis is a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention. Signs and symptoms of peritonitis include:
Peritonitis may cause your child to go into shock. Signs and symptoms of shock include:
Useful for intussusception when abdomen is hard, bloated, tympanic. There is colic with urging to stool and discharge of hard faeces.Given when due to obstruction, there is difficult to pass stools or flatus.Recommenmded when Bowel feel completely obstructed.
Useful for intussusception when there is obstructed flatus with intense colic. Given when abdominal wall feels drawn by a string to the spine (in adults). Useful when bending backwards ameliorates pressure in stomach and bending double ameliorates the colic. Better by hard pressure and by rubbing.There is sensation as if bowels are twisted, constricted, distended with gas.
Useful for intussusception when there is sinking and empty feeling in the abdomen. There is painful retraction of the abdomen during vomiting. Very useful for pain in abdomen, preceeding stool.