VERTICAL GAZE PALSY (VGP)
Is a neurological condition characterized by the inability to move the eyes vertically. It means that a person affected by VGP has difficulty looking upward or downward voluntarily. The condition typically results from damage to specific areas in the brain responsible for controlling vertical eye movements.
TYPES AND CAUSES OF VERTICAL GAZE PALSY:
- Supranuclear vertical gaze palsy: This type occurs due to a dysfunction in the brainstem or the structures above it. It is commonly associated with certain neurological conditions, such as Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP), a rare neurodegenerative disorder, and other brainstem lesions caused by strokes, tumors, or other injuries.
- Infranuclear vertical gaze palsy: This type results from damage to the cranial nerves that control the eye muscles responsible for vertical movement. It is often associated with conditions that affect the nerve pathways or muscles that move the eyes. One such condition is Oculomotor Nerve Palsy, which affects the third cranial nerve and can cause limited vertical eye movements.
SIGN AND SYMPTOMS OF VERTICAL GAZE PALSY:
- Difficulty looking upward or downward voluntarily.
- The eyes may be fixed in a mid-position or deviate horizontally.
- Compensation by moving the head instead of the eyes to look in different directions.
- Double vision (diplopia) if both eyes are not aligned properly.
- Some patients may also experience other associated neurological symptoms, depending on the underlying cause.
DIAGNOSIS OF VERTICAL GAZE PALSY (VGP)
- Medical history
- Neurological examination
- Eye movement assessment
- Cranial nerve examination
- Imaging studies: (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans of the brain
- Blood tests
- Lumbar puncture (spinal tap):
FEW HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICINE FOR VERTICAL GAZE PALSY (VGP)
Euphrasia Officinalis (Euphrasia): Also known as "Eyebright," this remedy is often used for conditions involving watery, irritated eyes with burning, itching, and sensitivity to light. It may be helpful for conjunctivitis, hay fever, and other eye inflammations.
Belladonna: Belladonna is commonly used for sudden onset and intense eye symptoms, such as redness, throbbing pain, and sensitivity to light. It may be indicated for conditions like acute conjunctivitis or iritis.
Pulsatilla: This remedy is often suited for people with mild, weepy, and changeable eye symptoms. It may be helpful for conditions like styes, conjunctivitis with thick, yellowish discharge, and eye irritation due to allergies.
Argentum Nitricum: Indicated for conditions with twitching or spasms of the eyelids (blepharospasm) and eye strain due to excessive computer or close-up work.
Natrum Muriaticum: This remedy is often used for individuals with dry, itchy eyes and a tendency to develop recurrent cold sores or herpes outbreaks around the eyes.
Causticum: Causticum is used for conditions involving eye muscle weakness, drooping of the eyelids (ptosis), and difficulty closing the eyes.
Silicea (Silica): Silicea is indicated for people with recurrent styes, eye ulcers, or foreign body sensation in the eyes.
Aconitum Napellus: This remedy may be suitable for acute eye conditions with sudden onset, redness, and inflammation, often triggered by exposure to cold wind or dry weather.