Tumours arising from the transitional epithelium of the renal tract can affect the renal pelvis, ureter, bladder or urethra. They are rare under the age of 40, affect men 3-4 times more often than women, and account for about 3% of all malignant tumours.
Although almost all tumours are transitional cell carcinomas otherwise known as urothelial cancers.
The appearance of a transitional cell tumour rnages from a delicate papillary structure with a relatively good prognosis to a solid ulcerating mass in more aggressive disease.
SIGN AND SYMPTOM
- Painless hematuria
- Obstruction of urine flow depends upon site.
- Storage symptoms
- Bimanual examination.
- Cystoscopy used under anesthesia.
- Suspicious detect is seen CT Urography or IVU in the ureter or renal pelvis.
- Biopsy of the solid mass invasive urothelial tumour.