Is a medical term that refers to the inflammation of one or more of the salivary glands, which are responsible for producing saliva. Saliva plays a crucial role in digestion, as it contains enzymes that help break down food and lubricate the mouth for speaking and swallowing.


  • Bacterial Infection: The most common cause of sialadenitis is a bacterial infection. Staphylococcus aureus is a common bacteria responsible for these infections. Poor oral hygiene, dehydration, or the presence of a salivary gland stone (sialolithiasis) can increase the risk of bacterial infection.
  • Viral Infection: Viruses, such as mumps, can infect and cause inflammation of the salivary glands. Mumps is a viral infection that primarily affects the parotid glands, leading to painful swelling of the cheeks and jaw.
  • Autoimmune Conditions: Some autoimmune diseases, like Sjögren's syndrome, can cause chronic inflammation of the salivary glands, leading to sialadenitis.
  • Obstruction: A salivary gland stone or a foreign body can block the salivary duct, preventing saliva from draining properly and leading to gland inflammation.


  • Pain and swelling in the affected salivary gland, often located under the jaw, chin, or behind the ear.
  • Redness and warmth over the affected area.
  • Difficulty opening the mouth or swallowing.
  • Foul-tasting discharge from the salivary duct.
  • Fever and general malaise in cases of infection.


  • Medical History and Physical Examination: The healthcare provider will begin by taking a detailed medical history to understand your symptoms and any risk factors you may have. They will then perform a physical examination, focusing on the affected salivary gland, which may be swollen and tender.
  • Review of Symptoms: The doctor will inquire about specific symptoms you may be experiencing, such as pain, swelling, difficulty swallowing, and fever.
  • Imaging: Imaging studies, such as ultrasound, CT (computed tomography) scans, or MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), may be ordered to visualize the affected salivary gland. These tests can help identify the location and extent of inflammation, the presence of salivary gland stones (sialolithiasis), or other potential causes of the symptoms.
  • Saliva and Blood Tests: Laboratory tests, such as blood tests and analysis of saliva, may be conducted to check for signs of infection, assess salivary gland function, and rule out other conditions like autoimmune diseases. Elevated white blood cell count and markers of inflammation may suggest an infection.
  • Sialography: This is a specialized imaging technique used to examine the salivary ducts and glands. A contrast dye is injected into the ducts, and X-rays are taken to identify any obstructions or abnormalities.
  • Biopsy: In some cases, a biopsy may be performed to examine a sample of salivary gland tissue. This is usually reserved for cases where malignancy or a chronic autoimmune condition is suspected.
  • Cultures: If bacterial infection is suspected, a sample of pus or saliva may be collected and sent to a laboratory for culture and sensitivity testing to identify the specific bacteria responsible and determine the most effective antibiotics for treatment.


  1. Belladonna: Belladonna is often recommended for cases of acute sialadenitis with sudden, severe symptoms. It may be useful when the affected gland is red, hot, and swollen, and there is a throbbing pain that worsens with touch or movement. The person may also have a fever with dilated pupils.
  2. Mercurius Solubilis: This remedy may be considered for sialadenitis with symptoms such as excessive salivation, offensive breath, and swollen, painful glands. The pain may be worse at night and with temperature changes.
  3. Hepar Sulphuris Calcareum: Hepar Sulphuris Calcareum is indicated when there is a tendency for abscess formation. The person may experience sharp, splinter-like pains in the affected gland. The gland may be extremely sensitive to touch and cold air.
  4. Baryta Carbonica: This remedy is considered for chronic sialadenitis or recurring episodes. It is recommended when there is a hard, slow-growing swelling of the glands, especially in older individuals. There may be difficulty swallowing.
  5. Pulsatilla: Pulsatilla may be useful for sialadenitis with shifting pains and a thick, yellow or greenish discharge from the affected gland. The person may crave open air and comfort from cool applications.
  6. Silicea: Silicea is often recommended for sialadenitis with suppuration and the formation of abscesses. It may be indicated when the infection does not easily come to a head, and there are persistent, sharp pains.