Complications related to marasmus or malnutrition are particularly serious in infants and young children. Lack of proper nutrition can lead to delays in physical and mental development. Complications of untreated marasmus can be serious and may include:
- Growth problems in children
- Joint deformity and destruction
- Loss of strength
- Loss of vision and blindness
- Organ failure or dysfunction
- Unconsciousness and coma
HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF MARASMUS
Abrotanum : Marasmus of children with marked emaciation, especially of legs. Skin is flabby ,hangs loose in folds.
Baryta Carbonica : Scrofulous, dwarfish children who do not grow, abdomen swollen; frequent attacks of colic; face bloated, general emaciation. Children both physically and mentally weak.
Calcarea Phosphorica : For person anaemic and dark complexioned, dark hair and eyes ,thin spare subjects ,instead of fat .Children emaciated ,unable to stand, slow in learning to walk, sunken ,flabby abdomen.
Hepar Sulphur : For torpid lymphatic constitutions; person with light complexion, slow to act, muscle soft and flabby.
Iodum : Person of scrofulous diathesis, with dark or black hair and eyes, a low cachetic condition, with profound debility and great emaciation. Ravenous hunger; eats freely and well ; yet loses flesh all the time.
Natrum Muriaticum : For the anaemic and cachetic person. Great emaciation; losing flesh while living well; throat and neck of children emaciate rapidly during summer complaint.
Sanicula : Emaciation progressive; child looks old, dirty, greasy and brownish; skin about neck wrinkled, hangs in folds.
Sarsaparilla : In children, enlarged abdomen; dry, flabby skin. Great emaciation; skin shrivelled or lies in folds.MANAGMENTManagement of moderate marasmus can be performed on an outpatient basis, but severe marasmus or marasmus complicated by a life-threatening condition generally requires inpatient treatment. In these cases, management is divided into an initial intensive phase followed by a consolidation phase (rehabilitation), preparing for outpatient follow-up management. The WHO has developed guidelines to help improve the quality of hospital care for malnourished children and has prioritized the widespread implementation of these guidelines.e.t.c