Lutein cysts are usually bilateral and caused by excessive chorionic gonadotropin secreted in cases of gestational trophoblastic tumors. These may also be formed with administration of gonadotropins or even clomiphene to induce ovulation. These are usually lined either by theca lutein cells, called theca lutein cyst or by granulosa lutein cells, called granulosa lutein cyst.
Spontaneous regression is expected within few weeks following effective therapy of the tumors with the gonadotropin level returning back to normal.
In most cases such cysts are asymptomatic. Incidental findings through routine sonography may show:-
The medicines that can be helpful are:-