Eye bleeding typically means bleeding or a broken blood vessel involving the tissue layers on the outer surface of the eye. This is a subconjunctival hemorrhage. The entire white part of your eye may look red or bloodshot, or you may have spots or areas of red in the eye.
Another less common kind of eye bleeding, or hyphema, can happen in the middle, colored part of your eye. Eye bleeding deeper or at the back of the eye may sometimes cause redness.
Bleeding in the eye can happen for several reasons. Most of the time, you will not have blood leaking from your eye.
TYPES OF EYE BLEEDING
There are three main types of eye bleeding.
The clear outer surface of your eye is called the conjunctiva. It covers the white part of your eye. The conjunctiva has tiny, delicate blood vessels that you normally can’t see.
A subconjunctival hemorrhage happens when a blood vessel leaks or breaks just under the conjunctiva.
When this happens, blood gets trapped in the blood vessel or between the conjunctiva and white part or your eye. Usually less than one drop of blood is involved. Since the conjunctiva is a loose tissue layer, the blood can disperse around a large area of the eyeball, making things appear much more severe.
Eye bleeding makes the blood vessel very visible or causes a red patch on your eye.
This kind of eye bleeding is common. It usually doesn’t cause pain or affect your vision.
SYMPTOMS OF SUBCONJUNCTIVAL HEMORRHAGE
- redness on the white part of the eye
- eye is irritated or feels scratched
- feeling of fullness in the eye
A hyphema is bleeding inside the eye between the clear cornea and the colored iris.
It happens when blood collects between the iris, and pupil and cornea. The cornea is the clear dome covering of the eye that resembles a built-in contact lens. A hyphema usually happens when there’s damage to or a tear in the iris or pupil.
Hyphema can also develop if abnormal blood vessels spread in this area (neovascularization) and subsequently leak, as happens with diabetic eye disease and other conditions. This kind of eye bleeding is less common and can affect your vision. Hyphema can partly or completely block sight. If left untreated, complications from a traumatic hyphema can cause permanent loss of vision.
SYMPTOMS OF HYPHEMA
- eye pain
- visible blood in front of the iris, pupil, or both
- blood may not be noticeable if the hyphema is very small
- blurry or blocked vision
- cloudiness in eye
- sensitivity to light
DEEPER TYPES OF EYE HEMORRHAGE
Eye bleeding deeper inside or at the back of the eye is usually not visible at the surface. It can sometimes cause some eye redness. Damaged and broken blood vessels and other complications can cause bleeding inside the eyeball. Types of deeper eye bleeding include:
- vitreous hemorrhage, in the liquid of the eye
- subretinal hemorrhage, anywhere underneath the retina
- submacular hemorrhage, under the macula, which is a part of the retina
SYMPTOMS OF DEEPER EYE BLEEDING
- blurred vision
- seeing floaters
- seeing flashes of light, known as photopsia
- vision has a reddish tint
- feeling of pressure or fullness in the eye
- eye swelling
CAUSES OF SUBCONJUNCTIVAL HEMORRHAGE
You might get a subconjunctival hemorrhage without noticing why. The cause isn’t always known. Otherwise, common causes include:
INJURY OR STRAIN
You can sometimes rupture a fragile blood vessel in the eye by:
- lifting something heavy
- jerking your head suddenly
- having high blood pressure
- wearing contact lenses
- experiencing an allergic reaction
Other causes include injuries to the eye, face, or head, such as:
- rubbing your eye too hard
- scratching your eye
- trauma, injury, or a blow to your eye or near your eye
Hyphemas are less common than a subconjunctival hemorrhage. They’re usually caused by a blow or injury to the eye due to an accident, fall, scratch, poke, or by being hit with an object or ball.
Other causes of hyphemas include:
- eye infections, especially from herpes virus
- abnormal blood vessels on the iris
- blood clotting problems
- complications after eye surgery
- cancers of the eye
some prescription blood-thinning medications can raise your risk of some kinds of eye bleeding. These medications are used to treat and prevent blood clots and include:
- warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)
- dabigatran (Pradaxa)
- rivaroxaban (Xarelto)
Over-the-counter medications like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and natural supplements can also thin blood. Let your doctor know if you’re taking any of these:
- ibuprofen (Advil)
- naproxen (Aleve)
- vitamin E
- evening primrose
- ginkgo biloba
- saw palmetto
Some health conditions can raise your risk of eye bleeding or weaken or damage blood vessels in the eye. These include:
- diabetic retinopathy
- retinal tear or detachment
- arteriosclerosis, which involve stiff or narrow arteries
- conjunctival amyloidosis
- Eye bleeding
- age-related macular degeneration
- posterior vitreous detachment, which is fluid buildup in the back of the eye
- sickle cell retinopathy
- central retinal vein blockage
- multiple myeloma
- Terson syndrome
Homoeopathy today is a rapidly growing system and is being practiced all over the world. It strength lies in its evident effectiveness as it takes a holistic approach towards the sick individual through promotion of inner balance at mental, emotional, spiritual and physical levels. When is concerned there are many effective medicines available in Homoeopathy , but the selection depends upon the individuality of the patient , considering mental and physical symptoms
Few homoeopathic medicine can be thought of in the treatment of eye bleeding are:
bothrops lan., crotalus hor., lachesis, phosphorus, arnica, chamomila etc.