Diabetic neuropathy is a complication of diabetes that results in damage to the nervous system. It is a progressive disease, and symptoms get worse over time.It simply refers to nerve damage affecting any nerve outside of the brain or spinal cord.
Neuropathy happens when high levels of fats or sugar in the blood damage the nerves in the body. It can affect virtually any nerve in the body, with a wide range of symptoms.
Nerves are essential to how the body works. They enable people to move, send messages about how things feel, and control automatic functions, such as breathing.
There are several types. Some involve the peripheral nerves, while others damage the nerves that supply the internal organs, such as the heart, the bladder, and the gut. In this way, it can affect many body functions.
Between one-third and a half of people with diabetes have neuropathy, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).
Neuropathy (or diffuse neuropathy) is a nerve disorder which may be categorised as sensory neuropathy, motor neuropathy or autonomic neuropathy.
Neuropathy can be caused by both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Diabetic neuropathy may be categorised as follows:
Over time, people with diabetes who do not control their condition, may develop damage to the nerves around the body.
The exact effect of glucose on the nervous system is still not known.
However, prolonged exposure to higher than normal glucose levels certainly damages the nerves, causing neuropathy.
High levels of triglycerides, a key blood fat which is measured during a cholesterol check, are also associated with the development of nerve damage.
A combination of other causal factors includes:
The symptoms of diabetic neuropathy are wide-ranging and depend entirely on the form of neuropathy present, and which nerves are being affected.
Common symptoms of neuropathy include:
These may be minor at first, and therefore may remain unnoticed as the condition develops gradually. However, in some types of diabetic neuropathy, the onset of the pain will be sudden and severe.
Further symptoms may include:
A physician will carry out a physical exam and foot exam to check for:
Other tests may include
1.check of blood pressure and fluctuations in heart rate.
If the doctor suspects diabetic neuropathy, they may run some diagnostic tests, such as:
Diagnosis will occur on the basis of individual symptoms and a physical exam. The doctor may test blood pressure, heart rate, strength, reflexes and sensitivity. Foot examinations are recommended for all diabetics.
Other tests may be applied, such as:
Diabetic neuropathy can contribute to a number of high-risk complications, ranging from heart rate changes to visual disturbances.
1.Losing sensation in the feet-This can lead to an inability to feel cuts or sores, and infection might occur as a result. Untreated infection in a limb can result in the need for amputation.
2.Severe bladder and kidney infections might also occur, causing health problems.
To prevent the complications of diabetic peripheral neuropathy, good foot care is essential.
People with the condition should inspect their feet every day for injuries or sores.
Smoking also increases the risk of foot problems in people with certain types of diabetic neuropathy. A ped ciatrist can help with foot care, and a healthcare provider can give advice on quitting smoking.
ARSENICUM ALBUM: Useful for burning pain in hands and legs.Helpful for paralysis of lower limbs with atrophy. There is tingling in fingers with inability to extended. Useful for ulcers on soles and toes.Given for restless feet with wooden feeling in soles.There is creeping sensation in hands and feet with numbness.
CAUSTICUM: Useful for numbness and trembling of hands.Also useful for paralysis of limbs.There is Paralytic feeling in right hand with paralysis of tongue.Recommended for unsteady walking and easily falling.There is cramps in calves, feet toes and achilles tendon.
CONIUM MACULATUM: Very useful for muscular weakness, especially of lower limbs with numbness in fingers and toes.Also recommended for weary, heavy, trembling, and unsteady hand.
HELONIAS DIOICA: There is severe pain in right hip joint worse during motion.Given for sore pain in outer side of thigh. There is sensation as if cool wind streamed up calves.
KALI PHOSPHORICUM: Very useful for paralytic weakness of legs.There is prickling in hands and feet with depression and subsequent exhaustion.Useful for paralytic lameness in back and limbs, worse from exertion.
OXALIC ACID: Useful for numbness and tingling in hands and feet which extends from shoulder to fingertips. There is drawing and sharp pains shooting down limbs.
PHOSPHORIC ACID: Useful for Great weakness and debility of limbs. Given for pain which aggravates at night as if bones were scraped.There is formication in limbs. There is cramping in upper arms and wrists with numbness along radial nerve.
PICRIC ACID: There is great weakness, tiredness and heavy feeling all over the body, especially hands and legs. Useful for acute ascending paralysis. There is pins and needle sensation in hands and legs with cold Feet which cannot get warm.
PLUMBUM METALLICUM: Useful for paralysis of lower limbs with muscle wasting. There is weakness and painful lameness of arms and hands.There is stinging, tearing, twitching, tingling, numbness and tremor of limbs.