It is a condition of permanent abnormal dilatation of large bronchi.


  • Obstruction: in small bronchiole result in negative pressure build up therefrom, surrounding bronchiole dilated.
  • Infection: result in formation of granulation tissue and weakness of bronchial wall.
  • Immunodeficiency state: deficiency of alpha1 antiprotease.
  • Congenital: Immotile cilia syndrome, kartagener’s syndrome, cystic fibrosis of lung and congenital hypogamma globulinaemia.


  • Cough with profuse expectoration especially in morning on wake up.
  • Haemoptysis this varies in amount of slight blood tinged sputum of frank hemorrhage.
  • Chest pain due to dry pleurisy or pneumonia
  • Febrile episode are due to secondary infection.
  • Chronic sinusitis
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Clubbing
  • Weight loss


  • Blood test show leucocytosis
  • Sputum culture show hemophilic influenza and sometime E-coli.
  • X-RAY: show birds nest appearance.
  • Bronchoscopy: especially in children for finding foreign body
  • Lung function test


Antimonium Tart: Is a good medicine for bronchiectasis, the symptoms indicate Antimonium tart are Rapid, short, difficult breathing; seems as if he would suffocate; must sit up. Coughing and gaping consecutively. Bronchial tubes overloaded with mucus. Cough excited by eating, with pain in chest and larynx. 

KALIUM BICHROMICUM: the characteristic indication of kali bi Profuse, yellow expectoration, very glutinous and sticky, coming out in long, stringy, and very tenacious mass.  Cough, with pain in sternum, extending to shoulders; worse when undressing. Pain at bifurcation of trachea on coughing; from mid-sternum to back.

ARSENICUM ALBUM: for arsenicum album to be used are the symptoms should indicate. Suffocative catarrh. Cough worse after midnight; worse lying on back. Expectoration scanty, frothy. Darting pain through upper third of right lung. Wheezing respiration. Hemoptysis with pain between shoulders; burning heat all over. 

SUPHUR: a good medicine for brochiectasis to use with symptoms like loose cough; worse talking, morning, greenish, purulent, sweetish expectoration. Much rattling of mucus. Chest feels heavy; stitches, with heart feeling too large and palpitating pleuritic exudations.

PULSATILLA PRATENSIS: Dry cough in evening and at night; must sit up in bed to get relief; and loose cough in the morning, with copious mucous expectoration. Pressure upon the chest and soreness.