Bicuspid aortic valve is a congenital heart defect i.e.; a heart problem presents at birth.
The aortic valve is between the left lower heart chamber and the body's main artery, called the aorta. Flaps of tissue on the valve open and close with each heartbeat. The flaps are called cusps. They make sure blood flows in the correct direction.
Usually the aortic valve has three cusps. A bicuspid valve has only two cusps. Rarely, some people are born with an aortic valve that has one cusp or four cusps. A valve with one cusp is called unicuspid. A valve with four cusps is called quadricuspid.
Changes to the aortic valve can cause health problems, including:
- Narrowing of the aortic valve, called aortic valve stenosis.The valve may not open fully. Blood flow from the heart to the body is reduced or blocked.
- Backward flow of blood, called aortic valve regurgitation.Sometimes, the bicuspid aortic valve doesn't close tightly. This causes blood to flow backward.
- Enlarged aorta, called aortopathy.An enlarged aorta increases the risk of a tear in the lining of the aorta. This tear is called an aortic dissection.
If the bicuspid valve causes severe aortic stenosis or severe aortic regurgitation, symptoms may include:
- Chest pain,
- Shortness of breath,
- Difficulty exercising.
- Fainting or near fainting.
Most people with bicuspid aortic valve don't have symptoms of heart valve disease until they're adults. But some infants may have severe symptoms.
A bicuspid aortic valve may be found when tests are done for another health problem. The health care provider may hear a heart murmur when listening to the heart.
An echocardiogram can confirm a diagnosis of bicuspid aortic valve. This test uses sound waves to create videos of the beating heart. It shows how blood moves through the heart chambers, the heart valves and the aorta.
If you have a bicuspid aortic valve, you'll usually have a CT scan to check for changes in the aorta's size.
LIFESTYLE AND HOME REMEDIES
Anyone born with a bicuspid aortic valve needs health checkups for life. A provider trained in heart diseases, called a cardiologist, should examine you for changes in your condition.
People with a bicuspid aortic valve are more likely to develop an infection of the heart's lining. This infection is called infective endocarditis. Proper dental care can help lower your risk.
A bicuspid aortic valve can be passed down in families, meaning it's inherited. Parents, children and siblings of someone with a bicuspid aortic valve should have an echocardiogram to check for the condition.
Homeopathic medicines are the medicines which are given to the people by using drugs in a smaller quantity. Homeopathic medicines are considered as safe and also effective remedy for treating any disease. These homeopathic remedies don't cause any side effects as they are made from the products obtained naturally. These medicines help in treating the diseases from their roots and also they provide effective results. Many homeopathic medicines are there which help in preventing heart valvular disease.
The various homeopathic medicines to treat valvular heart disease are as follows:
Adonis Vernalis : Adonis Vernalis is a homeopathic medicine used for the treatment of valvular heart disease. These medicines help in regulating the pulse and also helps in controlling the rate of the heart. These medicines give the best result in the cases when any valvular heart disease is caused due to the chronic aortitis, aortic regurgitation which causes the traumatic rupture of the valve or rheumatic endocarditis. You should take this medicine only after consulting the doctor.
Spigelia anthelmia: Spigelia anthelmia is another homeopathic medicine used to treat heart valvular disease. During heart valvular disease, the valve of the heart becomes damaged. This medicine is given in a situation when there are the symptoms of heart valve disease such as irregular pulse, weakness, palpitations etc. along with the headache. These medications help in preventing the heart valvular disease and also helps in proper functioning of the valves. These medicines can be given to the person if they are having the symptoms of valvular heart disease.
Kalmia: Kalmia is another homeopathic medicine used for curing heart valvular disease. These medicines help in controlling the rate of the heart. These medicines help in the treatment of valvular disease when it is caused due to rheumatic fever that leads to the problem in the opening and closing of the valves. When there is a difficulty in opening and closing of the valves then it can lead to the problem in the flow of blood to the heart and also from the heart, causing valvular heart disease. These medicines are also considered as safe because they are made using herbs.
Aurum Metallicum: Aurum Metallicum is another homeopathic medicine used for curing the valvular heart disease. Valvular Heart Disease is a type of disorder of the heart in which the valve of the heart does not function properly. Aurum Metallicum is given in a situation when valvular heart disease is caused due to the palpitations, rheumatic fever, pericarditis, chest pain etc. These medicines do not have any side effects and are also considered as effective for curing heart valvular disease.