acute glomerulonephritis (gn) Often called the “nephritic syndrome.” Characterized by development, over days, of azotemia, hypertension, edema, hematuria, proteinuria, and sometimes oliguria. Salt and water retention are due to reduced glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and may result in circulatory congestion. Red blood cell (RBC) casts on urinalysis confirm diagnosis (Dx).
Signs and symptoms of glomerulonephritis may vary depending on whether you have the acute or chronic form and the cause. You may notice no symptoms of chronic disease. Your first indication that something is wrong might come from the results of a routine urine test (urinalysis).
Glomerulonephritis signs and symptoms may include:
Many conditions can cause glomerulonephritis. Sometimes the disease runs in families and sometimes the cause is unknown. Factors that can lead to inflammation of the glomeruli include the following conditions
Infectious diseases can directly or indirectly lead to glomerulonephritis. These infections include:
Autoimmune diseases are illnesses caused by the immune system attacking healthy tissues. Autoimmune diseases that may cause glomerulonephritis include:
Vasculitis is inflammation of blood vessels. Types of vasculitis that can cause glomerulonephritis include:
Some diseases or conditions cause scarring of the glomeruli that results in poor and declining kidney function. These include:
Infrequently, chronic glomerulonephritis runs in families. One inherited form, Alport syndrome, also might impair hearing or vision.
Glomerulonephritis is associated with certain cancers, such as gastric cancer, lung cancer and chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
Glomerulonephritis affects the ability of nephrons to filter the bloodstream efficiently. The breakdown in filtering results in:
Possible complications of glomerulonephritis include:
There may be no way to prevent some forms of glomerulonephritis. However, here are some steps that might be beneficial:
Homoeopathic treatment requires a deep constitutional analysis. The history of the disease, the family medical history, physical and mental characteristics of the patient, the likes and dislikes, medication details are all taken into consideration. This approach stands in consonance with the homoeopathic convention. Well selected Homoeopathic remedies are effective for ACUTE GLOMERULONEPHRITIS treatment.
Apis: Pain in both kidneys (Bright’s disease). Renal pains; soreness; pressure on stooping. Pain left kidney. Suppression of urine. “Acute inflammatory affection of kidneys, with albuminuria, as in scarlet fever or diphtheria: or, after these, as a sequel to acute disease.” Kent. “Inflammation of kidneys closes up the case” (Scarlet fever) “and kills off a good many in allopathic practice, never in homoeopathic hands.” Kent. Typical Apis is thirstless: intolerant of heat.
Arsenicum: Nephritis with stitches in renal region; on breathing or sneezing., Abscess of kidney. Uraemia, with vomiting, colic. Urine, dark-brown; dark yellow: turbid: mixed with blood and pus; greenish. Urine like thick beer; rotten smell. Suppression of urine. Albuminuria; fatty degeneration. Extreme restlessness, anxiety, prostration. Extreme restlessness, anxiety, prostration.
Aurum met.: Kidneys hyperaemic, with pressure round waist, and increase of urine (Cardiac hypertrophy). Suppression or retention of urine. Haematuria. In Aur. all the natural healthy affections are perverted: he loathes life: is weary of life: longs to die; is suicidal. Absolute loss of enjoyment in everything.
Benzoic acid: Kidney pains, which penetrate the chest on taking a deep breath. Sore pain in back: burning in left kidney; with drawing pain when stooping. Dull pain in kidneys; loins stiff. Urine of a very repulsive odour. Pungent. From the time of first passing it. “Urine on clothing scents the room.” Contains mucus and pus. Strong, hot, dark-brown urine. Ocimum canum Kent gives this in black type for nephritis. Used in Brazil as a specific for diseases of kidneys, bladder and urethra. Crampy pain in kidneys. Turbid urine: saffron coloured. “Discharge of large quantities of bloody or thick purulent urine.” Hansen. Urine with intolerable odour, like musk.
Mercurius: Nephritis with diminished secretion of urine, with great desire to pass it. Urine saturated with albumin: dark brown: mixed with blood: with dirty white sediment. Haematuria, with violent and frequent urging to urinate. Urine dark-red; becomes turbid and fetid: smells sour and pungent: mixed with blood; white flakes; or as if containing pus: flesh-like lumps of mucus: as if flour very dark: With burning and scalding sensation during urination as from raw surfaces. Worse at night: worse heat and cold; profuse, oily sweat, which does not ameliorate.