It is the life threatening condition that occurs when the body is not getting enough blood flow ( organs do not get enough oxygen and nutrients to functon properly)
The term “shock” may refer to a psychologic or a physiologic type of shock.
Psychologic shock is caused by a traumatic event and is also known as acute stress disorder. This type of shock causes a strong emotional response and may cause physical responses as well.
There are many types of shock. They comes under four main categories;
- obstructive shock
- cardiogenic shock
- distributive shock
- hypovolemic shock
All forms of shock are life-threatening.
Obstructive shock occurs when blood can’t get where it needs to go. A pulmonary embolism is one condition that may cause an interruption to blood flow. Conditions that can cause a buildup of air or fluid in the chest cavity can also lead to obstructive shock. These include:
- pneumothorax (collapsed lung)
- hemothorax (blood collects in the space between the chest wall and lung)
- cardiac tamponade (blood or fluids fill the space between the sac that surrounds the heart and the heart muscle)
Damage to your heart can decrease the blood flow to your body, leading to cardiogenic shock. Common causes of cardiogenic shock include:
- damage to your heart muscle
- irregular heart rhythm
- very slow heart rhythm
Conditions that cause your blood vessels to lose their tone can cause distributive shock. When your blood vessels lose their tone, they can become so open and floppy that not enough blood pressure supplies your organs. Distributive shock can result in symptoms including:
- low blood pressure
- loss of consciousness
TYPES OF DISTRIBUTIVE SHOCK
Anaphylactic Shock is a complication of a severe allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis. Allergic reactions occur when the body mistakenly treats a harmless substance as harmful. This triggers a dangerous immune response.
Anaphylaxis is usually caused by allergic reactions to food, insect venom, medications, or latex.
Septic shock is another form of distributive shock. Sepsis, also known as blood poisoning, is a condition caused by infections that lead to bacteria entering your bloodstream. Septic shock occurs when bacteria and their toxins cause serious damage to tissues or organs in your body.
Neurogenic shock is caused by damage to the central nervous system, usually a spinal cord injury. This causes blood vessels to dilate, and the skin may feel warm and flushed. The heart rate slows, and blood pressure drops very low.
Drug toxicities and brain injuries can also lead to distributive shock.
Hypovolemic shock happens when there isn’t enough blood in your blood vessels to carry oxygen to your organs. This can be caused by severe blood loss, for example, from injuries.
Your blood delivers oxygen and vital nutrients to your organs. If you lose too much blood, your organs can’t function properly. Serious dehydration can also cause this type of shock.
HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICINE FOR SHOCK
1. ACONITE : This remedy is great for shock, such as from bad news or a from having a fall. It is also very effective for treating conditions which come on suddenly, like a sudden sore throat or headache.
2. APIS : This remedy is used to treat insect bites or stings, and allergic reactions which can be caused by these. Affected areas will be red, hot and swollen, and the pain will be described as stinging.
3. ARNICA : This is the classic remedy for trauma, injury and bruising. The typical arnica patient will tell you that they’re fine and avoid attention, but may well still be in shock. This is also a good one for jet-lag.
4. ARSENICUM : This is your go-to remedy for food-poisoning. A keynote of this remedy is anxiety, and the patient is likely to be very cold. Pains might be described as burning.
5. BELLADONNA : The words red, hot and swollen are keywords for this remedy. This is a great remedy for fever, sunstroke, and for a skin condition such as boils.e.t.c