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MENINGITIC SYNDROME

Homeopathy Treatment for MENINGITIC SYNDROME

A persons complains of intense malaise, fever, rigors, severe headache, photophobia and vomiting. He is irritable and prefers to lie still. Patient also has neck stiffness and subsequently develops a positive kernigs sigh. He is suffering from MENINGITIC SYNDROME.

In meningitis, the infection can be caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi. In meningococcal infection, there will be a  petechial rash; in pneumococcal infection there is often a skull fracture, ear disease or a congenital central nervous system lesion. Leptospirosis is responsible in case working in drains, canals, polluted rivers, etc.

Acute bacterial meningitis is recognized by its sudden onset, rigors and high fever. A petechial rash may be present which is a strong evidence Uploaded Imageof the disease. Viral meningitis is a benign, self-limiting condition lasting for about 4-10 days. Headache may follow but there are no sequalae. Tubercular meningitis causes meningitis commencing with vague headache, lassitude, anorexia and vomiting. Meningitic signs may appear after a few days or weeks.

 Symptoms 

The symptoms of viral and bacterial meningitis can be similar in the beginning. However, bacterial meningitis symptoms are usually more severe. The symptoms also vary depending on your age.

Viral meningitis symptoms

Viral meningitis in infants may cause:

  • decreased appetite
  • irritability
  • sleepiness
  • lethargy
  • fever

In adults, viral meningitis may cause:

  • headaches
  • fever
  • stiff neck
  • seizures
  • sensitivity to bright light
  • sleepiness
  • lethargy
  • nausea and vomiting
  • decreased appetite

Bacterial meningitis symptoms

Bacterial meningitis symptoms develop suddenly. They may include:

  • altered mental status
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • sensitivity to light
  • irritability
  • headache
  • fever
  • chills
  • stiff neck
  • purple areas of skin that resemble bruises
  • sleepiness
  • lethargy

Seek immediate medical attention if you experience these symptoms. Bacterial and viral meningitis can be deadly. There’s no way to know if you have bacterial or viral meningitis just by judging how you feel. Your doctor will need to perform tests to determine which type you have.

Fungal meningitis symptoms

Symptoms of fungal meningitis resemble the other types of this infection. These may include:

  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • sensitivity to light
  • fever
  • headache
  • confusion or disorientation

Each type of meningitis has some distinguishing symptoms. Learn more about these so you can understand the differences between each type of meningitis.

Meningitis rash

One of the late signs that one bacterial cause of meningitis, Neisseria meningitidis, are in your bloodstream is a faint rash on your skin. The bacteria from a meningococcal meningitis infection reproduce in your blood and target cells around the capillariesTrusted Source. Damage to these cells leads to capillary damage and mild blood leaks. This shows up as a faint pink, red, or purple rash. The spots may resemble tiny pinpricks and are easily mistaken as a bruise.

As the infection worsens and spreads, the rash will become more obvious. The spots will grow darker and larger.

People with dark skin may have a hard time seeing meningitis rash. Lighter areas of skin, such as the palms of hands and the inside of the mouth may show signs of a rash more easily.

Types of meningitis

Viral and bacterial infections are the most common causes of meningitis. There are several other forms of meningitis. Examples include cryptococcal, which is caused by a fungal infection, and carcinomatous, which is cancer-related. These types are less common.

Viral meningitis

Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis.

  • coxsackievirus A
  • coxsackievirus B
  • echoviruses

Bacterial meningitis

The most common types of bacteria that cause bacterial meningitis are:

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is typically found in the respiratory tract, sinuses, and nasal cavity and can cause what’s called “pneumococcal meningitis”
  • Neisseria meningitidis, which is spread through saliva and other respiratory fluids and causes what’s called “meningococcal meningitis”
  • Haemophilus influenza, which can cause not only meningitis but infection of the blood, inflammation of the windpipe, cellulitis, and infectious arthritis
  • Listeria monocytogenes, which are foodborne bacteria
  • Staphylococcus aureus, which is typically found on the skin and in the respiratory tract, and causes “staphylococcal meningitis”

Fungal meningitis

Fungal meningitis is a rare type of meningitis. It’s caused by a fungus that infects your body and then spreads from your bloodstream to your brain or spinal cord.

People with a weakened immune system are more likely to develop fungal meningitis. This includes people with cancer or HIV.

The most common funguses related to fungal meningitis include:

  • Cryptococcus, which is inhaled from dirt or soil that is contaminated with bird droppings
  • Blastomyces, another type of fungus found in soil, particularly in the Midwestern United States
  • Histoplasma, which is found in environments that are heavily contaminated with bat and bird droppings, especially in the Midwestern States near the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers
  • Coccidioides, which is found in soil in specific areas of the U.S. Southwest and South and Central America

Parasitic meningitis

This type of meningitis is less common than viral or bacterial meningitis, and it’s caused by parasites that are found in dirt, feces, and on some animals and food, like snails, raw fish, poultry, or produce.

One type of parasitic meningitis is rarer than others. It’s called eosinophilic meningitis (EM). Three main parasites are responsible for EM. These include:

  • Angiostrongylus cantonensis
  • Baylisascaris procyonis
  • Gnathostoma spinigerum

Non-infectious meningitis

Non-infectious meningitis is not an infection. Instead, it is a type of meningitis that’s caused by other medical conditions or treatments. These include:

  • lupus
  • a head injury
  • brain surgery
  • cancer
  • certain medications
 

  causes 

Each type of meningitis has a slightly different cause, but each ultimately acts in the same way: A bacterium, fungus, virus, or parasite spreads through the bloodstream until it reaches the brain, or spinal cord. There, it sets up in the lining or fluids around these vital body parts and starts developing into a more advanced infection.

Non-infectious meningitis is the result of a physical injury or other condition; it doesn’t involve an infection.

 

HOMOEOPATHIC TREATMENT

Meningitis is an emergency condition and if left untreated, is lethal C.T. scan and lumbar puncture be carried out to study the cerebrospinal fluid.

Apis mellifica is the first rank remedy for this condition. The pathogenesis of apis mellifica mostly corresponds to the meningial condition. The patient is nervous, restless and oversensitive, or hot, or drowsy with or without thirst. Boring of head backward into the pillow; cannot hold the head up. Stinging pains. Sudden shrill cries. There is thirst during chill, burning heat but feels chilly when moved. Stupor with sudden short cries. There is great fidgetiness. Stiffness is accompanied by a feeling of constriction.

In hellebours niger, hahnemann observed that there is a kind of stupor and dullness of sensorium, a condition where there is nothing wrong with the eyes but the patient cannot see anything and does to pay attention to anything. Patient picks at clothes and at lips , there is rolling of the head  constantly, patient bores the head into the pillow for relief headache. There is also rigidity of the neck with stiffness.

Gelseminum sempervirens has a very characteristic headache, beginning in the occiput and spreading over the whole head, setting over the eyes. Dizziness and dim vision rising from the occiput over the head. Headache is accompanied with stiffness of the neck which is worse in the morning and better urinating. Difficulty in keeping the eyes open. Chill runs up and down the back. It is indicated in the congestive stage of meningitis with pain at the back of the head and dilated piupils. Head feels swollen and the scalp is sore to touch.

Stramonium develops headache with a tendency to incoherent talking patient raises the head frequently with a tendency from the pillow and drops it again during unconsciousness and delirium. Pain in the forehead and over the eyebrows beginning at 9 am in the morning, worse till noon. Think of this remedy in meningitis from suppressed ear discharges.