A headache is a very common condition that causes pain and discomfort in the head, scalp, or neck. It is estimated that 7 in 10 people have at least one headache each year.
Headaches can sometimes be mild, but in many cases, they can cause severe pain that makes it difficult to concentrate at work and perform other daily activities.
CAUSES OF HEADACHE
1. Primary causes of headaches
Primary causes of headaches are causes that aren’t related to separate medical conditions. These headaches are the result of an underlying process in the brain. Examples of common primary headaches include migraine, cluster, and tension headaches.econdary causes of headaches
2. Secondary Causes of headaches
Secondary Causes of headaches are those that are due to an underlying medical condition. Examples of secondary headache causes include:
1. Brain tumor or brain aneurysm
The presence of a brain tumor or brain aneurysm (brain bleed) can lead to headache. This is because there is only so much room in the skull. When the skull starts to build up with blood or extra tissue, the compression on the brain can cause a headache.
2. Cervicogenic headaches
Cervicogenic headaches occur when discs start to degenerate and press on the spinal column. The result can be significant neck pain as well as headaches.
3. Medication overuse headaches
If a person takes a significant amount of pain medications daily and starts to taper them or discontinue them altogether, a headache can result. Examples of these medications include hydrocodone.
4. Meningitis-related headache
Meningitis is an infection of the meninges, which are the membranes that line the skull and enclose the spinal cord and brain.
5. Post-traumatic headache
Sometimes a person will experience headaches after trauma to the head, sustained during an event like a fall, car accident, or skiing accident.
6. Sinus headaches
Inflammation in the normally air-filled sinus cavities in the face can cause pressure and pain that leads to a sinus headache.
7. Spinal headache
A spinal headache can occur due to a slow leak of cerebrospinal fluid, usually after a person has an epidural, spinal tap, or spinal block for anesthesia.
TYPES OF HEADACHE
Tension headaches are the most common type of headache and occur most frequently in women over age 20. There is a feeling like a tight band around the head. They are caused by a tightening of the muscles in the neck and scalp. Poor posture and stress are contributing factors.Tension headaches usually last for several minutes, but in some cases, they can last for several days. They also tend to be recurrent.
Cluster headaches are non-throbbing headaches that cause excruciating, burning pain on one side of the head or behind the eye. They usually cause the eyes to tear up and produce nasal congestion or rhinorrhea (runny nose). These headaches can last for extended periods of time, known as the cluster period. The cluster period can be as long as six weeks.Cluster headaches may occur every day and more than once a day. The cause is unknown; however, this type headache is rare and generally affects men age 20 to 40.
Migraine headaches are severe headaches that can cause throbbing, pounding pain, usually on one side of the head. Several different types of migraine headache exist. This includes chronic migraines, which are migraines that occur 15 or more days a month.
Hemiplegic headace are those with symptoms resembling that of a stroke. A person can even experience migraines without head pain, which means they have migraine symptoms such as nausea, visual disturbances, and dizziness, but without head pain.
Rebound headaches are those that occur after a person stops taking medications they used regularly to treat headaches. A person is more likely to experience rebound headaches if they take medications such as acetaminophen, triptans (Zomig, Imitrex), ergotamine (Ergomar), and painkillers (like Tylenol with codeine).
Thunderclap headaches are abrupt, severe headaches that often come on very quickly. They will usually appear without warning and last up to five minutes. These headache types can signal an underlying problem with blood vessels in the brain and often require prompt medical attention. A significant number of headache types exist.
HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT FOR HEADACHE
Belladonna : There is a feeling of head fullness with sensitivity to noise and light.given when pain appear and disappear suddenly.
Bryonia : Helpful in heavy or "splitting" headache, with steady pain that settles over one eye (especially the left) or spreads to the entire head.Given when pain is worse from any motion, even from moving the eyes,there is desire to lie completely still and not be talked to or disturbed.There is nausea with a heavy feeling in the stomach
Glonoinum : Very usefull for sudden headaches, with fullness of head.There is feeling of heat, and aggravated by heat.
Natrum muriaticum : Useful for headache often on the right that are worse from grief or emotional upsets, worse from too much sun, or occur just before or after the menstrual period.There is feeling like "a thousand little hammers were knocking on the brain" and is often worse from eyestrain. There may be numbness or tingling feelings in the lips or face before the headache starts, and the eyes are very sensitive to light. The person often feels better lying in the dark and after sleeping.
Nux vomica : Useful for headache associated with nausea and digestive troubles associated with overindulgence in food or alcohol.
Sanguinaria : Useful for Right-sided headache with tension in the neck and shoulder which extend to the forehead.There is bursting feeling in the eye.Given when headaches improve after vomiting, as well as from burping or passing gas, and are often better after sleep.
RL-6 : for Migraine & Headache drop.