Hallervorden-Spatz disease (HSD) is a rare genetic disorder. It is characterized by progressive neurological dysfunction and loss of memory (dementia). It is a movement disorder that runs in families. It is first described by Hallervorden and Spatz in 1922.
HSD is chiefly genetic, linked to chromosome 20. It is due to the defect in the gene that makes a protein called pantothenate kinase 2 (PANK 2). Recently, this disease is termed pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration.
- Involuntary muscle contractions (dystonia)
- Involuntary, jerky muscle movements (Choreoathetosis)
- Muscle rigidity
- Uncoordinated muscle movements (ataxia)
- Loss of memory
- Speech difficulty (dysarthria)
- Clinical signs and symptoms.
- MRI of the brain - may show iron deposits in Basal Ganglia.
- Genetic tests - for PANK2.
PROGNOSIS: - Prognosis is usually poor. Death usually occurs 10 years after the onset of the disease.
Homeopathy can be administered as supportive therapy along with physiotherapy, speech therapy, and occupational therapy. Homeopathy can help in improving the general well-being and vitality of the patient.
Few homoeopathic medicines are as followed.
- THUJA OCC