Brain atrophy or cerebral atrophy is the loss of brain cells called neurons. Atrophy also destroys the connections that help the cells communicate. It can be a result of many different diseases that damage the brain, including stroke and Alzheimer’s disease.
Atrophy can affect different parts of the brain.
- Focal atrophy-Affects cells in certain areas of the brain and results in a loss of function in those specific areas.
- Generalized atrophy -Affects cells all over the brain.
Life expectancy among patients with brain atrophy can be influenced by the condition that caused the brain shrinkage. People with Alzheimer’s disease live an average of four to eight years after their diagnosis. Those with multiple sclerosis can have close to a normal life span if their condition is treated effectively.
Injuries, diseases, and infections can damage brain cells and cause atrophy.
- Traumatic brain injury
Diseases and disorders like
- Alzheimer’s disease and other forms of dementia
- Cerebral palsy
- Huntington’s disease
- Multiple sclerosis
- Encephalitis .
PREVENTION OF BRAIN ATROPHY
Some of these conditions like neurosyphilis, AIDS, and traumatic brain injury may be preventable. Practicing safe sex by wearing condoms can prevent syphilis and HIV infections. Wearing seat belt in the car and putting on a helmet when ride a bicycle or motorcycle can help prevent brain injuries.
HOMOEOPATHIC TREATMENT BRAIN ATROPHY
PHOSPHORUS : Useful for brain atrophy of elderly peoples.There is cerebral inflammation in which person is unable to apply mind due to cerebral diseases.Most suitable for tall, slender, blonde person.Useful when there is epileptic attack without loosing consciousness generally.
Conium Maculatum : Very useful for brain atrophy when there is tendency to get vertigo frequently. Also useful for elderly people having dementia causing difficult speaking.There is depression, timidity and habit to avoid society, but afraid of being alone. Given when patient do not want to do anything and does not take any interest in anything.
BARYTA CARB : Useful for brain atrophy with loss of memory & mental weakness.There is loss of confidence in himself. Also useful for Senile dementia.Given to older adults who behave childishly.Given when person avoids strangers or society.There is mistrust, anxiety about domestic affairs, very suspicious, fearful and cowardly.Also sudden fits of passion from trifling causes.
PLUMBUM MET : Useful for brain atrophy with progressive emaciation of body & progressive paralysis of body.There is frequent cramps with frequent abdominal colic.Suitable to those person who is prone to severe constipation, and urinary bladder problems.
ZINCUM MET : Useful for brain atrophy who is very sensitive to noise.There is marked trembling of whole body.Given when feet is always in motion. There is depression generally and mental dullness is not much impaired.
IODIUM : Very essential for brain atrophy for a person with great appetite yet losing flesh and having enlarged glands i.e. lymph nodes, thyroid, liver, etc. There is tendency to have increased gas formation in the intestine
ALUMINA : Very useful for brain atrophy of old, and difficult speaking.It will help a person who is hasty by nature and variable mood. There is tendency to get severe constipation, no desire and great straining generally.
AURUM MET : Useful for brain atrophy with presence of suicidal tendency in the patient or in the family history.There is marked insanity. Also there is Irritability and anxiety.Very useful for religious mania.Helpful when there is tendency to have head and bone pains especially at night.
Crotalus horridus : Useful for brain atrophy having history of stroke in the past.There is chronic inflammation of brain, and speech impairments caused by stroke. Recommended when person is having delirium, irrelevant answers, tries to run away, and talking to himself.