This syndrome is characterized by generalized oedema, heavy proteinuria and fall in the concentration of plasma albumen. This may happen after an attack of glomerulo-nephritis, malaria, or allergic or toxic events like bee sting, position ivy, etc.
CAUSES OF NEPHRITIC SYNDROME
Each type of acute nephritis has its own causes.
This type often results from an allergic reaction to a medication or antibiotic. An allergic reaction is the body’s immediate response to a foreign substance.This makes the body attack itself, resulting in inflammation.
Low potassium in blood is another cause of interstitial nephritis. Potassium helps regulate many functions in the body, including heartbeat and metabolism.
Taking medications for long periods of time may damage the tissues of the kidneys and lead to interstitial nephritis.
The majority of pyelonephritis cases results fromE.coli bacterial infections. This type of bacterium is primarily found in the large intestine and is excreted in our stool. The bacteria can travel up from the urethra to the bladder and kidneys, resulting in pyelonephritis.
Although bacterial infection is the leading cause of pyelonephritis, other possible causes include:
- Urinary examinations that use a cystoscope, an instrument that looks inside the bladder
- Surgery of the bladder, kidneys or ureters
- Formation of kidney stones, rocklike formations consisting of minerals and other waste material
The main cause of this type of kidney infection is unknown. However, some conditions may encourage an infection, including:
- Problems in the immune system
- History of cancer
- An abscess that breaks and travels to our kidneys through our blood
Certain people are at greater risk for acute nephritis. The risk factors for acute nephritis include:
- Family history of kidney disease and infection
- Having an immune system disease, such as lupus
- Taking too many antibiotics or pain Medications
- Recent surgery of the urinary tract
SYMPTOMS OF NEPHRITIC SYNDROME
Symptoms will vary depending on the type of acute nephritis one have. The most common symptoms of all three types of acute nephritis are:
- Pain in the pelvis
- Pain or a burning sensation while urinating
- Frequent need to urinate
- Cloudy urine
- Blood or pus in the urine
- Pain in the kidney area or abdomen
- Swelling of the body, commonly in the face, legs, and feet
- High blood pressure
HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT FOR NEPHRITIC SYNDROME
ARSENICUM ALBUM - Useful for scanty, hurring, involuntary urine with presence of epithelial cells, cylindrical clots of fibrin, and globules of pus and blood in urine.There is feeling of weakness in the abdomen after urination.Useful for atony of the bladder causing paralysis and retention of urine.GIbladder feels as if paralysed. Urine is black, as if mixed with dung.
APIS MEL - Useful for burning and soreness when urinating.Useful for dysuria with last drop scalds, burns, scanty, high coloured urine, with castsAlso useful for albuminuria with coffee ground sediment.There is incontinence of urine at night but during day.Useful for difficult, frequent and slow urination must press to pass urine.There is stinging pains while urinating.
CANTHARIS - There is constant desire to urinate with intolerable tenesmus.Useful for cutting pain before, during and after urination.Given when urine burns and scalds.There is cutting pains and intolerable urging.
COLCHICUM - Useful when more the discharge of urine, more the urging is hot, highly coloured, bloody and black almost like ink with black sediment.
TEREBINTH - Useful when urinary symptoms appear after exanthemata, followed by violent bronchitis. There is burning, drawing pain in the region of kidneys, along the ureters. There is constant tenesmus and strangury with bloody urine.Useful for smoky urine with coffee ground or thick yellow and slimy sediment.Useful for Urethritis & Nephritis.