Kidney stones are clumps developed from solidified crystals in the kidney or urinary tract. The urine has all the ingredients that form the stone, but all these ideally pass through without our knowledge. When there is an imbalance in any of these substances, the crystals cluster together into stones. The size of the stone can be as small as a grain of sand to one as large as the size of a golf ball. The most commonly found kidney stone in humans is usually made of calcium oxalate. Other rare varieties of kidney stones include those made up of cystine, struvite (magnesium, ammonium and phosphate), calcium phosphate, uric acid, etc.

Kidney stones are one of the most painful of the urologic disorders. Men tend to be affected more frequently than women.


Certain foods may promote stone formation in people who are susceptible. This stone formation is enhanced when there is increased intake of calcium, calcium oxalate, uric acid or salt in our diet, with an inadequate intake of fluids. A positive family history (genetic tendency) also makes a person prone to kidney stone formation.

Certain foods that increase the risk for kidney stone formation in susceptible individuals include: Spinach, rhubarb, chocolate, peanuts, cocoa, beet, coffee, cola, nuts, strawberries, tomato juice, grapefruit juice, apple juice, soda (acidic and contains phosphorus), all types of tea, and berries.

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Kidney stones can remain asymptomatic until they obstruct the flow of urine. When obstruction to the flow of urine occurs at some point of time, the patient starts experiencing acute symptoms. Patient usually presents with the most agonizing pain in the lower back just below the ribs, which often extends into the groin area . The patient may also experience nausea, vomiting, blood in the urine (haematuria), restlessness and fever (if infection is present).

Stones less than 5 mm in size usually pass out spontaneously; however the majority of stones greater than 6 mm require some form of intervention, especially so if the stone is stuck causing persistent obstruction and/or infection of the urinary tract.


SARSAPARILLA - Useful for passage of gravel or small calculi.Useful for renal stone which causes renal colic.Also useful for stone in bladder.There is bloody urine. There is bright and clear urine but irritating.Also thee is scanty, slimy, flaky, sandy, copious urine which passed without sensation.

NUX VOMICA - Useful for renal colic which is caused by a stone in the ureter.

CANTHARIS - Useful for constant and intolerable urging to urinate before, during and after urination.There is burning, scalding urine, with cutting, intolerable urging, and fearful tenesmus or dribbling stranguary.Given when urine is passed drop by drop.There is intolerable urging with tenesmus.

BERBERIS VULGARIS : Useful for painful cuttings in left side of bladder into the urethra, comes from the left kidney (continued) along the course of the ureter. There is blood-red urine, speedily becomes turbid having deposits thick, mealy, bright red sediment, slowly becoming clear, but always retaining its blood.

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