Most herniated disks occur in the lower back,although they can also occur in the neck. Signs and symptoms depend on where the disk is situated and whether the disk is pressing on a nerve. They usually affect one side of the body.
Disk herniation is most often the result of a gradual, aging-related wear and tear called disk degeneration. As we age our disks become less flexible and more prone to tearing or rupturing with even a minor strain or twist.
Most people can not pinpoint the cause of their herniated disk. Sometimes, using our back muscles instead of our leg and thigh muscles to lift heavy objects can lead to a herniated disk, as can twisting and turning while lifting. Rarely, a traumatic event such as a fall or a blow to the back is the cause.
Factors that can increase our risk of a herniated disk include:
Weight - Excess body weight causes extra stress on the disks in our lower back.
Occupation - People with physically demanding jobs have a greater risk of back problems. Repetitive lifting, pulling, pushing, bending sideways and twisting also can increase our risk of a herniated disk.
Genetics - Some people inherit a predisposition to developing a herniated disk.
Smoking - It is thought that smoking lessens the oxygen supply to the disk, causing it to break down more quickly.
Just above our waist,our spinal cord ends.Through the spinal canal a group of long nerve roots that resemble a horse tail (cauda equina) arises
Rarely,disk herniation can compress the entire spinal canal, including all the nerves of the cauda equina. Rarely, emergency surgery might be required to avoid permanent weakness or paralysis.
Seek emergency medical attention if one have:
To help prevent a herniated disk, do the following:
BRYONIA : Useful medicine for slipped with cramp-like pain all over the back.There is shootings pain in the loins and in the back.Also there is painful stiffness in the small of the back which compelling him to walk and sit crookedly.There is shootings under the left shoulder-blade, extending to the heart, greatly aggravated by cough and respiration.There is stitching, tearing pain which get worse at night,motion,inspiration,coughing and better by absolute rest, lying on painful side.There is excessive dryness of mucous membranes of entire body.
CALCAREA CARB : Useful for slipped disc with intolerable pain in the back on bending backward.There is painful stiffness in the spine with dullness and heaviness in the legs, in the morning on waking, and after rising.There is spasmodic, jerking pain extending from the left side of the back to the anus.Also useful for pressive pain in the spine between the shoulder-blades with short breath and aggravated by breathing with painfulness in the bones of the spine on touch.
KALI CARB : Useful for slipped disc having stiffness in the back with inability to stoop.There is Stiffness and lameness in the back and small of the back.Also useful for rheumatic pains in the back, chest, shoulders and arms which is worse on moving them.There is stitches in the right side of the back, extending through the chest.