A boil is a localised inflammation of the skin attended by the formation of pus , or painful, pus-filled bump that forms under skin when bacteria infect and inflame one or more of hair follicles. A carbuncle is a cluster of boils that form a connected area of infection under the skin.
Boils (furuncles) usually start as red, tender bumps. The bumps quickly fill with pus, growing larger and more painful until they rupture and drain. Areas most likely to be affected are the face, back of the neck, armpits, thighs and buttocks.
SYMPTOMS OF BOILS
Boils : Boils can occur anywhere on your skin, but appear mainly on the face, back of the neck, armpits, thighs and buttocks — hair-bearing areas where you're most likely to sweat or experience friction. Signs and symptoms of a boil usually include:
- A painful, red bump that starts out small and can enlarge to more than 2 inches (5 centimeters)
- Red, swollen skin around the bump
- An increase in the size of the bump over a few days as it fills with pus
- Development of a yellow-white tip that eventually ruptures and allows the pus to drain out
A carbuncle is a cluster of boils that form a connected area of infection. Compared with single boils, carbuncles cause a deeper and more severe infection and are more likely to leave a scar. People who have a carbuncle often feel unwell in general and may experience a fever and chills.
CAUSES OF BOILS
Most boils are caused by Staphylococcus aureus, a type of bacterium commonly found on the skin and inside the nose. A bump forms as pus collects under the skin. Boils sometimes develop at sites where the skin has been broken by a small injury or an insect bite, which gives the bacteria easy entry.
- Close contact with a person who has a staph infection.
- Other skin conditions. acne and eczema
- low immunity power
COMPLICATION OF BOILS
Rarely, bacteria from a boil or carbuncle can enter your bloodstream and travel to other parts of your body. The spreading infection, commonly known as blood poisoning (sepsis), can lead to infections deep within your body, such as your heart (endocarditis) and bone (osteomyelitis).
PREVENTION OF BOILS
It's not always possible to prevent boils, especially if you have a weakened immune system. But the following measures may help you avoid staph infections:
- Wash your hands regularly with mild soap.
- Keep wounds covered..
- Avoid sharing personal items.
HOMOEOPATHIC TREATMENT FOR BOILS
Belladonna : This remedy is often indicated in early stages of inflammation, before much pus has formed. The area is red, hot, throbbing, and tender, often with intense or stabbing pains. Jarring or touch may increase discomfort. The person may also feel excitable or feverish.
Hepar sulphuris : This remedy is taken to speed up the collection of pus.
Arsenicum album : This remedy is useful for deeply infected boils with intensely burning pain and offensive discharge. Warmth and hot applications usually are soothing. The person may feel exhausted and ill, yet anxiety and discomfort also make them restless.
Calcarea sulphurica : This remedy relieves juvenile acne that tends to form boils.
Calendula : This remedy is often helpful as a topical application for boils and infected sores. It can be used in herbal form or in low dilution as a tincture, ointment, or compress. Taken internally, Calendula can help the body overcome infection.e.t.c