Dyspnea is the medical term for shortness of breath, sometimes described as “air hunger.”
Shortness of breath can range from mild and temporary to serious and long-lasting. It is sometimes difficult to diagnose and treat dyspnea because there can be many different causes.
Shortness of breath after exertion or due to a medical condition
Feeling smothered or suffocated as a result of breathing difficulties
Tightness in the chest
Rapid, shallow breathing
If dyspnea occurs suddenly or if symptoms are severe, it may be a sign of a serious medical condition.
An episode of dyspnea is not always directly related to an individual’s health. A person can feel short of breath after intense exercise, when traveling to a high altitude, or going through major temperature changes.
However, dyspnea usually relates to health problems. Sometimes, it is just a case of being out of shape, and exercise can improve symptoms. But dyspnea can be a sign of a serious health issue.
If shortness of breath starts suddenly, it is called an acute case of dyspnea.
Acute dyspnea could be due to:
Dyspnea is also common among people with a terminal illness.
If a person experiences shortness of breath for over a month, the condition is called chronic dyspnea.
Chronic dyspnea could be due to:
Some additional lung conditions may also cause shortness of breath.
Shortness of breath has also been linked to the following heart problems:
Dyspnea can be associated with hypoxia or hypoxemia, which is a low blood oxygen levels. This can lead to a decreased level of consciousness and other severe symptoms.
IPECAC : Useful for dyspnoea with sudden and intense cough.Given when Vomiting may accompany with cough. Recommended when person turns stiff and blue because of the shortness of breath.There is suffocating and strangling feeling with a cough.AMMON CARB : Useful for dyspnea experienced while walking even a few steps.There is bloody expectoration along with dyspnoea
STANNUM MET : Useful for shortness of breath with a constriction in the chest while walking. There is Dyspnea on exertion.Also given when there is weakness or sharp pains in the chest.Also expectoration with a sweet or salty taste.LACHESIS : Useful for shortness of breath when there is difficulty in breathing in a warm room.Very useful for dyspnea that occurs during sleep.Useful when a person has difficulty in breathing while sleeping.Recommended when the patient wakes up from sleep and rushes to open a window to breathe.Recommended when tight clothing is unbearable around the chest and throat.