It is a type of pneumonia that causes inflammation of the lungs in which both alveoli n brochioles are affected.
SYMPTOMS OF ACUTE BRONCHOPNEUMONIA
It may vary depending on the severity of the condition. Symptoms are more likely to be severe in people who have weaker immune systems, such as young children, older adults, or people who have certain conditions or are taking specific medications.
Symptoms of bronchopneumonia may include:
- Breathing difficulty, such as shortness of breath
- Chest pain that may get worse with coughing or breathing deeply
- Coughing up mucus
- Chills or shivering
- Muscle aches
- Low energy and fatigue
- Loss of appetite
- Confusion or disorientation, especially in older adults
- Nausea and vomiting
- Coughing up blood
CAUSES OF ACUTE BRONCHOPNEUMONIA
The most common cause of bronchopneumonia is a bacterial lung infection, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib). Viral and fungal lung infections can also causes pneumonia
Harmful germs can enter the bronchi and alveoli and begin to multiply. The bodies immune system produces white blood cells that attack these germs, which causes inflammation. Symptoms often develop from this inflammation.
RISK FACTORS OF ACUTE BRONCHOPNEUMONIA
Risk factors for developing bronchopneumonia include
- Being under the age of 2 years
- Being over the age of 65 years
- Smoking or excessive alcohol use
- Recent respiratory infections, such as cold and the flu
- Long-term lung diseases, such as COPD, cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, and asthma
- Other health conditions, such as diabetes, heart failure, liver disease
- Conditions that weaken the immune systems, such as HIV or certain autoimmune disorders
- Taking drugs to suppress the immune system, such as for chemotherapy, organ transplantation, or long-term steroid use
- Recent surgery or trauma
COMPLICATIONS OF ACUTE BRONCHOPNEUMONIA
Untreated or severe bronchopneumonia can lead to complications, particularly in at-risk people, such as young children, older adults, and those with weakened or suppressed immune systems.
Because it affects a person’s breathing, bronchopneumonia can become very serious and may sometimes cause death.
In 2015, worldwide 920,000Trusted Source children under the age of 5 years died from pneumonia. This incidence of mortality was predominantly from bronchopneumonia.
Complications of bronchopneumonia can include:
- Respiratory failure- This happens when the essential exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs begins to fail. People with respiratory failure may need a ventilator or breathing machine to assist with breathing.
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)-ARDS is a more severe form of respiratory failure and is life-threatening.
- Sepsis- Also known as blood poisoning or septicemia, this is when the infection causes an exaggerated immune response that damages the bodiess organs and tissues. Sepsis can cause multiple organ failure and is life-threatening.
- Lung abscesses- These are pus-filled sacs that can form inside the lungs.
DIAGNOSIS OF ACUTE BRONCHOPNEUMONIA
- Chest X-ray or CT scan-These imaging tests allow a doctor to see inside the lungs and check for signs of infection.
- Blood tests-These can help detect signs of infection, such as an abnormal white blood cell count.
- Bronchoscopy- This involves passing a thin tube with a light and camera through a person’s mouth, down the windpipe, and into the lungs. This procedure allows a doctor to see inside the lungs.
- Sputum culture-This is a laboratory test that can detect infection from the mucus that a person has coughed up.
- Pulse oximetry-This is a test used to calculate the amount of oxygen flowing through the bloodstream.
- Arterial blood gases-Doctors use this test to determine oxygen levels in a person’s blood.
PREVENTION OF ACUTE BRONCHOPNEUMONIA
1. Getting vaccinated against other diseases that can lead to pneumonia, such as the flu, measles, chicken pox, Hib, or pertussis
2. Speaking to a doctor about ways of preventing pneumonia and other infections when people have cancer or HIV
3. Regularly washing hands to avoid germs
4. Not smoking as tobacco damages the lungs capacity to fight infections
5. Understanding and recognizing symptoms of pneumonia.
HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINE FOR ACUTE BRONCHOPNEUMONIA
Bryonia : Very useful when chest pain accompanies pneumonia. There is stitching pain in chest which get worse on coughing and deep breathing.Indicated when while coughing, the patient needs to hold the chest because of the intense pain.Recommended for expectoration of rust or brick colored sputa.There is difficulty in breathing, and there may be fever accompanied by chills.
Arsenic Album : Useful medicine for pneumonia with difficult breathing and shortness of breath. Useful when scanty frothy phlegm is present.Effective homeopathic medicine for treating pneumonia from consuming chilled food items. Indicared when pain located specifically in the upper third of the right lung.There is suffocating feeling, which gets worse on lying down or while sleeping.
Antimonium Tart : Very effective medicine for pneumonia when there is an excessive rattling of mucus in the chest. Useful when lungs are full of mucus which is not expectorated. There is Short and difficult breathing.Useful in the last stages of pneumonia.Very helpful when there is the occurrence of jaundice with pneumonia.
Hepar Sulph : Very effective medicine for pneumonia when the sputa are purulent which may be offensive.Useful for pneumonia in the suppurative stage. There is a loose cough with a rattling of mucus.Also fever with chills accompanying the above symptoms.e.t.c
RL 32 : For All Types of Cough - https://bit.ly/2WbNzoc
OR AS DIRECTED BY PHYSICIAN