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SPEECH DISORDER

Homoeopathic treatment for SPEECH DISORDER

 

 

SPEECH DISORDER is a group of conditions where there is problem in speech formation and creation which leads to difficulty in communication with others. The creation of sound by a person is affected in speech disorder.

 

Types

Speech disorders can affect people of all ages.

Some types of speech disorder include stuttering, apraxia, and dysarthria. 

Stuttering

Stuttering refers to a speech disorder that interrupts the flow of speech. People who stutter can experience the following types of disruption:

  • Repetitions occur when people involuntarily repeat sounds, vowels, or words.
  • Blocks happen when people know what they want to say but have difficulty making the necessary speech sounds. Blocks may cause someone to feel as though their words are stuck.
  • Prolongations refer to the stretching or drawing out of particular sounds or words.

The symptoms of stuttering can vary depending on the situation. Stress, excitement, or frustration can cause stuttering to become more severe. Some people may also find that certain words or sounds can make a stutter more pronounced.

Stuttering can cause both behavioral and physical symptoms that occur at the same time. These can include:

  • tension in the face and shoulders
  • rapid blinking
  • lip tremors
  • clenched fists
  • sudden head movements

There are two main types of stuttering:

  • Developmental stuttering affects young children who are still learning speech and language skills. Genetic factors significantly increase a person’s likelihood of developing this type of stutter.
  • Neurogenic stuttering occurs when damage to the brain prevents proper coordination between the different regions of the brain that play a role in speech.

Apraxia

The brain controls every single action that people make, including speaking. Most of the brain’s involvement in speech is unconscious and automatic.

When someone decides to speak, the brain sends signals to the different structures of the body that work together to produce speech. The brain instructs these structures how and when to move to form the appropriate sounds.

For example, these speech signals open or close the vocal cords, move the tongue and shape the lips, and control the movement of air through the throat and mouth.

Apraxia is a general term referring to brain damage that impairs a person’s motor skills, and it can affect any part of the body. Apraxia of speech, or verbal apraxia, refers specifically to the impairment of motor skills that affect an individual’s ability to form the sounds of speech correctly, even when they know which words they want to say.

Dysarthria

Dysarthria occurs when damage to the brain causes muscle weakness in a person’s face, lips, tongue, throat, or chest. Muscle weakness in these parts of the body can make speaking very difficult.

People who have dysarthria may experience the following symptoms:

  • slurred speech
  • mumbling
  • speaking too slowly or too quickly
  • soft or quiet speech
  • difficulty moving the mouth or tongue
 

Symptoms

Symptoms of a speech disorder can include repeating or prolonging sounds, rearranging syllables, and speaking very softly.

The symptoms of speech disorders vary widely depending on the cause and severity of the disorder. People can develop multiple speech disorders with different symptoms.

People with one or more speech disorders may experience the following symptoms:

  • repeating or prolonging sounds
  • distorting sounds
  • adding sounds or syllables to words
  • rearranging syllables
  • having difficulty pronouncing words correctly
  • struggling to say the correct word or sound
  • speaking with a hoarse or raspy voice
  • speaking very softly
 

Causes

Causes of speech disorders can include:

  • brain damage due to a stroke or head injury
  • muscle weakness
  • damaged vocal cords
  • a degenerative disease, such as Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • dementia
  • cancer that affects the mouth or throat
  • autism
  • Down syndrome
  • hearing loss

Risk factors :

  • being male
  • being born prematurely
  • having a low weight at birth
  • having a family history of speech disorders
  • experiencing problems that affect the ears, nose, or throat
 
 
  • NUX VOMICA: Suited for Speech Disorder in adults as a result of overwork, abuse and overindulgence.
  • STRAMONIUM: Most frequently used medicine in Stammering. Difficulty in initiating speech along with bed wetting in violent nature kids and adults. Stammering after episode of acute fear. Words come out with great effort.
  • SELENIUM: Great remedy for Stammering after acute and intense fear. Extreme fear of death. Bad effects of cold air. Fear of crowd.
  • ARGENTUM METALLICUM: Useful remedy for stammering in nervous person who gets extremely anxious during public speaking. Great craving for sweets.e.t.c