Placental abruption (abruption placentae) is an uncommon yet serious complication of pregnancy. The placenta develops in the uterus during pregnancy. It attaches to the wall of the uterus and supplies the baby with nutrients and oxygen.
Placental abruption occurs when the placenta partly or completely separates from the inner wall of the uterus before delivery. This can decrease or block the baby's supply of oxygen and nutrients and cause heavy bleeding in the mother.
Placental abruption often happens suddenly. Left untreated, it endangers both the mother and the baby.
SYMPTOMS OF PLACENTAL ABRUPTION
Placental abruption is most likely to occur in the last trimester of pregnancy, especially in the last few weeks before birth. Signs and symptoms of placental abruption include:
- Vaginal bleeding, although there might not be any
- Abdominal pain
- Back pain
- Uterine tenderness or rigidity
- Uterine contractions, often coming one right after another
Abdominal pain and back pain often begin suddenly. The amount of vaginal bleeding can vary greatly, and does not necessarily indicate how much of the placenta has separated from the uterus. It is possible for the blood to become trapped inside the uterus, so even with a severe placental abruption, there might be no visible bleeding.
In some cases, placental abruption develops slowly (chronic abruption), which can cause light, intermittent vaginal bleeding.Our baby might not grow as quickly as expected, and one might have low amniotic fluid or other complications.
CAUSES OF PLACENTAL ABRUPTION
The cause of placental abruption is often unknown. Possible causes include trauma or injury to the abdomen from an auto accident or fall, for example or rapid loss of the fluid that surrounds and cushions the baby in the uterus (amniotic fluid).
Factors that can increase the risk of placental abruption include:
- Placental abruption in a previous pregnancy that was not caused by abdominal trauma
- Chronic high blood pressure (hypertension)
- Hypertension-related problems during pregnancy, including preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome or eclampsia
- A fall or other type of blow to the abdomen
- Cocaine use during pregnancy
- Early rupture of membranes, which causes leaking amniotic fluid before the end of pregnancy
- Infection inside of the uterus during pregnancy (chorioamnionitis)
- Being older, especially older than 40
COMPLICATION OF PLACENTAL ABRUPTION
Placental abruption can cause life-threatening problems for both mother and baby.
For the mother, placental abruption can lead to:
- Shock due to blood loss
- Blood clotting problems
- The need for a blood transfusion
- Failure of the kidneys or other organs resulting from blood loss
- Rarely, the need for hysterectomy, if uterine bleeding can not be controlled
For the baby, placental abruption can lead to:
- Restricted growth from not getting enough nutrients
- Not getting enough oxygen
- Premature birth
PREVENTION OF PLACENTAL ABRUPTION
You can not prevent placental abruption, but one can decrease certain risk factors. For example, do not smoke or use illegal drugs, such as cocaine. If one have high blood pressure, work with our health care provider to monitor the condition.
Always wear our seatbelt when in a motor vehicle. If one have had abdominal trauma from an auto accident, fall or other injury seek immediate medical help.
If one have had a placental abruption, and one are planning another pregnancy, talk to our health care provider before one conceive to see if there are ways to reduce the risk of another abruption.
HOMOEOPATHIC TREATMENT FOR PLACENTAL ABRUPTION
The selection of remedy in Homoeopathy is based upon individualization and symptoms similarity. It is the holistic approach of Homoeopathy which not only makes it unique but also brings miraculous results. This is the only way through which a state of complete health can be regained by removing all the sign and symptoms from which the patient is suffering.
The aim of homeopathy is not only to treat abruption placentae but to address its underlying cause and individual susceptibility.
As far as therapeutic medication is concerned, several remedies are available to treat abruption placentae that can be selected on the basis of cause, sensations and modalities of the complaints.
HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES FOR PLACENTAL ABRUPTION