Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It most often occurs when sexually transmitted bacteria spread from vagina to uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries.
Symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
The signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease might be mild and difficult to recognize. Some women don't have any signs or symptoms. When signs and symptoms of PID are present, they most often include:
- Pain — ranging from mild to severe — in lower abdomen and pelvis
- Abnormal or heavy vaginal discharge that may have an unpleasant odor
- Abnormal uterine bleeding, especially during or after intercourse, or between menstrual cycles
- Pain during intercourse
- Fever, sometimes with chills
- Painful, frequent or difficult urination
Causes of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Many types of bacteria can cause PID, but gonorrhea or chlamydia infections are the most common. These bacteria are usually acquired during unprotected sex.
Less commonly, bacteria can enter the reproductive tract anytime the normal barrier created by the cervix is disturbed. This can happen during menstruation and after childbirth, miscarriage or abortion. Rarely, bacteria can also enter the reproductive tract during the insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD) — a form of long-term birth control — or any medical procedure that involves inserting instruments into the uterus.
Risk factors of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
A number of factors might increase risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, including:
- Being a sexually active woman younger than 25 years old
- Having multiple sexual partners
- Being in a sexual relationship with a person who has more than one sex partner
- Having sex without a condom
- Douching regularly, which upsets the balance of good versus harmful bacteria in the vagina and might mask symptoms
- Having a history of pelvic inflammatory disease or a sexually transmitted infection
There is a small increased risk of PID after the insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD). This risk is generally confined to the first three weeks after insertion.
Complications of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Untreated pelvic inflammatory disease might cause scar tissue and pockets of infected fluid (abscesses) to develop in the reproductive tract. These can cause permanent damage to the reproductive organs.
Complications from this damage might include:
- Ectopic pregnancy. PID is a major cause of tubal (ectopic) pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy can occur when untreated PID has caused scar tissue to develop in the fallopian tubes. The scar tissue prevents the fertilized egg from making its way through the fallopian tube to implant in the uterus. Instead, the egg implants in the fallopian tube. Ectopic pregnancies can cause massive, life-threatening bleeding and require emergency medical attention.
- Infertility. Damage to your reproductive organs may cause infertility — the inability to become pregnant. The more times you've had PID, the greater your risk of infertility. Delaying treatment for PID also dramatically increases your risk of infertility.
- Chronic pelvic pain. Pelvic inflammatory disease can cause pelvic pain that might last for months or years. Scarring in your fallopian tubes and other pelvic organs can cause pain during intercourse and ovulation.
- Tubo-ovarian abscess. PID might cause an abscess — a collection of pus — to form in your reproductive tract. Most commonly, abscesses affect the fallopian tubes and ovaries, but they can also develop in the uterus or in other pelvic organs. If an abscess is left untreated, you could develop a life-threatening infection.
Prevention of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
To reduce your risk of pelvic inflammatory disease:
- Practice safe sex. Use condoms every time you have sex, limit your number of partners and ask about a potential partner's sexual history.
- Talk to your doctor about contraception. Many forms of contraception do not protect against the development of PID. Using barrier methods, such as a condom, helps to reduce your risk. Even if you take birth control pills, use a condom every time you have sex with a new partner to protect against STIs.
- Get tested. If you're at risk of an STI, make an appointment with your doctor for testing. Set up a regular screening schedule with your doctor if needed. Early treatment of an STI gives you the best chance of avoiding PID.
- Request that your partner be tested. If you have pelvic inflammatory disease or an STI, advise your partner to be tested and treated. This can prevent the spread of STIs and possible recurrence of PID.
- Don't douche. Douching upsets the balance of bacteria in your vagina.
Homeopathic Medicine for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Sepia Succus – Natural Medicine for PID with Pain in Lower Abdomen/ Pelvic Area
Sepia Succus is an excellent homeopathic medicine for treating PID with marked pain in lower abdomen or pelvic area. Along with pelvic pain, a prominent bearing down sensation in the pelvis assist. In some cases needing Sepia Succus, burning or griping in the uterus is present. Vaginal discharge of yellowish or greenish may also arise that may be offensive.
Merc Sol – Effective Homeopathic Medicine for PID with Vaginal Discharge
Merc Sol is a natural medicine for PID with excessive vaginal discharge. The symptoms that indicate the need for Merc Sol include acrid, excoriating, and itchy discharges that cause a burning sensation in the vagina. The discharges may be purulent, yellow or green. The discharges tend to get worse upon urination.
In some cases, a stitching uterine pain may be present. Additionally, there may be a stinging ovarian pain.
Phosphorus – Natural Remedy for PID with Bleeding from Uterus between Periods
Phosphorus is a beneficial homeopathic medicine for treating PID cases where there is bleeding from the uterus between periods. The uterine bleeding tends to be profuse. Weakness usually follows the menstrual bleeding. Other symptoms include ovarian pain (specifically left-sided). The ovarian pain is felt the most during menses. Leucorrhoea of white or watery mucus may be present. A weak sensation in the abdomen may be present along with leucorrhoea.
Sabina Officinalis – Effective Homeopathic Treatment for PID with Heavy Periods
Sabina Officinalis is a well-indicated homeopathic medicine for pelvic inflammatory disease with heavy periods. The periods are profuse and gushing in nature. The bleeding is bright red colored with dark clots in it. The blood may have an offensive odor. Motion tends to worsen the blood flow. Pain in the sacral back extending to pubes is a primary accompanying symptom. This remedy is also recommended for inflammation of uterus and ovaries that may occur following childbirth or an abortion.
Medorrhinum – Natural Homeopathic Medicine for PID with Painful Periods
Medorrhinum is a significant homeopathic medicine for PID where the woman experiences intensely painful periods. There is an excruciating pain the pelvic area along with ovarian pains that get better with pressure. The menstrual bleeding is copious, dark and offensive. Vaginal discharge of acrid nature and a fish-like odor is also present in some cases.
Kreosotum – Natural Treatment for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease with Pain during Intercourse
Kreosotum is a natural medicine PID when there is pain during intercourse (dyspareunia). Burning in the genitalia is felt along with pain. Kreosotum is also useful in cases of pelvic inflammatory disease where there is bleeding after intercourse. Along with the above symptoms, there may be offensive, itching, corrosive leucorrhoea. The leucorrhoea worsens in between menses and often leaves a yellow stain on clothes