Morning sickness is nausea and vomiting that occurs during pregnancy and, despite its name, morning sickness can strike at any time of the day or night.
Many pregnant women have morning sickness, especially during the first trimester. But some women have morning sickness throughout pregnancy.
Rarely, morning sickness is so severe that it progresses to a condition called hyperemesis gravidarum. This is when someone with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy has severe symptoms that may cause severe dehydration or result in the loss of more than 5 percent of pre-pregnancy body weight. Hyperemesis gravidarum may require hospitalization and treatment with intravenous (IV) fluids, medications and rarely a feeding tube.
SYMPTOMS OF MORNING SICKNESS/HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDUM
Common signs and symptoms of morning sickness include nausea and vomiting, often triggered by certain odors, spicy foods, heat, excess salivation or often times no triggers at all. Morning sickness is most common during the first trimester and usually begins by nine weeks after conception. Symptoms improve for most expectant mothers by the mid to late second trimester.
CAUSES OF MORNING SICKNESS/HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDUM
What causes morning sickness is not clear, but the hormonal changes of pregnancy are thought to play a role. Rarely, severe or persistent nausea or vomiting may be caused by a medical condition unrelated to pregnancy such as thyroid or liver disease.
Morning sickness can affect anyone who is pregnant, but it might be more likely if:
- Nausea or vomiting from motion sickness, migraines, certain smells or tastes, or exposure to estrogen (in birth control pills, for example) before pregnancy
- Morning sickness during a previous pregnancy
- Pregnancy with twins or other multiples
One might be more likely to experience hyperemesis gravidarum if:
- Pregnancy with a girl
- Family history of hyperemesis gravidarum
- Hyperemesis gravidarum during a previous pregnancy
COMPLICATION OF MORNING SICKNESS/HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDUM
Mild nausea and vomiting of pregnancy typically would not cause any complications .
If left untreated, severe nausea and vomiting can cause dehydration, an electrolyte imbalance, decreased urination and hospitalization. Research is mixed on whether hyperemesis gravidarum causes poor weight gain for your baby during your pregnancy.
PREVENTION OF MORNING SICKNESS/HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDUM
There is no way to completely prevent morning sickness. However,avoiding triggers such as strong odors, excessive fatigue, spicy foods and foods high in sugar.
snacking throughout the day and sipping ginger ale .
HOMOEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF MORNING SICKNESS/HYPEREMESIS GRAVIDUM
Most effective medicines for morning sickness with persistent vomiting during pregnancy.Given when smell and thought of food seems repugnant in such cases.Given when nausea with an aversion to any kind of food and bitter taste .Recommended when the person feels better when lying on the back.
Useful medicines for morning sickness where women experience nausea and have a great aversion to bread and milk during pregnancy. There is nausea at the thought or smell of food, especially food while it is cooking.Recommended in cases where everything tastes too salty along with water brash after eating or drinking.
Effective medicines for morning sickness with nausea, along with flow of saliva and inclination to vomit in the morning.Given when person experiences nausea and vomits on waking, usually before breakfast.Useful for morning sickness, especially during the early months of pregnancy.
Highly recommended for morning sickness with a constant desire to vomit. Given when person experiences headache with nausea and vomiting.Useful for nausea that rises with the smell of food
Most valuable medicines for morning sickness with constant nausea and vomiting, along with gastric irritation.Recommended when the person complains of being intolerant to food and experiences persistent nausea.