Fetal Growth Restriction ,formerly called Intrauterine Growth Restriction(IUGR), refers to a condition in which an unborn baby is smaller than it should be because it is not growing at a normal rate inside the womb.
Delayed growth puts the baby at risk of certain health problems during pregnancy, delivery, and after birth. They include:
IUGR has many possible causes. A common cause is a problem with the placenta. The placenta is the tissue that joins the mother and fetus, carrying oxygen and nutrients to the baby and permitting the release of waste products from the baby.
The condition can also occur as the result of certain health problems in the mother, such as:
Other possible fetal causes include chromosomal defects in the baby or multiple gestation (twins, triplets, or more).
Most people do not have any symptoms or signs that the fetus is small for its gestational age. One may feel that their belly or the fetus is not as big as it should be. Even if one feel this way, only their doctor can diagnose intrauterine growth restriction.
Depending on the cause of IUGR, the baby may be small all over or look malnourished. They may be thin and pale and have loose, dry skin. The umbilical cord is often thin and dull instead of thick and shiny.
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