A doctor can usually diagnose this type of cyst during a pelvic examination.

They may advise an individual to undergo testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) on discovering a Bartholin’s cyst. This process will involve urine or blood tests, as well as a swab from the genital area.

If the person has entered menopause, the doctor may recommend a biopsy of the cyst to rule out vulvar cancer.


As doctors are unsure as to the cause of the initial duct blockage, there are not many recommendations for preventing a Bartholin’s cyst.

However, because STIs, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, can cause the cyst, people who are sexually active can reduce their risk by using barrier contraception, such as a condom or dental dam.


A Bartholin’s cyst is a growth on the Bartholin’s glands, which provide lubrication during sexual contact.

The cyst is often painless and barely noticeable until a doctor diagnoses it during a routine examination or while investigating another health condition.

Bacterial infectious agents often cause the initial duct blockage that leads to Bartholin’s cysts, although the exact mechanisms behind the blockage are often unclear. Some STIs, such as gonorrhea and chlamydia, can cause the cyst.

It is often safe to leave small, painless cysts alone or use home remedies to address any discomfort.

However, large cysts or those that have become abscesses may need further medical attention. Several procedures are available for the management of Bartholin’s cysts, including balloon catheter inflation.

It is important to seek consultation about any unusual lumps on the vulva or vagina to rule out cancers and other health concerns.