Intestinal obstruction is a blockage that keeps food or liquid from passing through small intestine or large intestine (colon)
SYMPTOMS OF INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION
Signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction include:
- Crampy abdominal pain that comes and goes
- Loss of appetite
- Inability to have a bowel movement or pass gas
- Swelling of the abdomen
CAUSES OF INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION
The most common causes of intestinal obstruction in adults are:
- Intestinal adhesions — bands of fibrous tissue in the abdominal cavity that can form after abdominal or pelvic surgery
- Colon cancer
In children, the most common cause of intestinal obstruction is telescoping of the intestine (intussusception).
Other possible causes of intestinal obstruction include:
- Inflammatory bowel diseases, such as Crohn's disease
- Twisting of the colon (volvulus)
- Impacted feces
Intestinal pseudo-obstruction (paralytic ileus) can cause signs and symptoms of intestinal obstruction, but doesn't involve a physical blockage. In paralytic ileus, muscle or nerve problems disrupt the normal coordinated muscle contractions of the intestines, slowing or stopping the movement of food and fluid through the digestive system.
Paralytic ileus can affect any part of the intestine. Causes can include:
- Abdominal or pelvic surgery
- Certain medications that affect muscles and nerves, including tricyclic antidepressants, such as amitriptyline and imipramine (Tofranil), and opioid pain medications, such as those containing hydrocodone (Vicodin) and oxycodone (Oxycontin)
- Muscle and nerve disorders, such as Parkinson's disease
Diseases and conditions that can increase the risk of intestinal obstruction include:
- Abdominal or pelvic surgery, which often causes adhesions — a common intestinal obstruction
- Crohn's disease, which can cause the intestine's walls to thicken, narrowing the passageway
- Cancer in your abdomen, especially if you've had surgery to remove an abdominal tumor or radiation therapy
COMPLICATIONS OF INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION
Untreated, intestinal obstruction can cause serious, life-threatening complications, including:
- Tissue death- Intestinal obstruction can cut off the blood supply to part of your intestine. Lack of blood causes the intestinal wall to die. Tissue death can result in a tear (perforation) in the intestinal wall, which can lead to infection.
- Infection-Peritonitis is the medical term for infection in the abdominal cavity. It's a life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical and often surgical attention.
HOMOEOPATHIC TREATMENT FOR INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION
OPIUM : Useful for intestinal obstruction when abdomen is hard, bloated any tympanic.There is colic with a constant urge to defaecate. Often there is discharge of hard faeces.Useful for difficult emission of flauts, feels completely obstructed.There is sensation of a stone in the abdomen and if the intense will be cut into pieces.
PLUMBUM MET : Useful for intestinal obstruction when navel feels retracted. There is obstructed flauts with intense colic. Helpful when abdominal wall feels drawn by a string to the spine.Useful when abdominal is tense or retracted and bending backwards ameliorates the pressure in the stomach.
RL -36 : For Stomach Problem, Indigestion and Gastrics Problem