Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, formerly known as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis in children under the age of 16.
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis can cause persistent joint pain, swelling and stiffness. Some children may experience symptoms for only a few months, while others have symptoms for the rest of their lives.
Some types of juvenile idiopathic arthritis can cause serious complications, such as growth problems, joint damage and eye inflammation. Treatment focuses on controlling pain and inflammation, improving function, and preventing joint damage.
The most common signs and symptoms of juvenile idiopathic arthritis are:
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis can affect one joint or many. There are several different subtypes of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, but the main ones are systemic, oligoarticular and polyarticular. Which type your child has depends on symptoms, the number of joints affected, and if a fever and rashes are prominent features.
Like other forms of arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis is characterized by times when symptoms flare up and times when symptoms disappear.
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis occurs when the body's immune system attacks its own cells and tissues. It's not known why this happens, but both heredity and environment seem to play a role. Certain gene mutations may make a person more susceptible to environmental factors — such as viruses — that may trigger the disease.
Abrotanum : Very useful for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis where joints are intensely painful without swelling. The child is unable to move the limbs from pain.There is Lameness from joint pain.Also useful for emaciation of lower limbs .Useful for rheumatism from suddenly checked diarrhea.
Bryonia Alba : Very effective medicine for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis where joints are highly swollen. There is marked inflammation of the joints and the joints are hot and extremely painful.Useful when slight movement of affected joint worsens the symptoms. The child feels better by resting in a still position. In some cases, pressure worsens joint pain.
Colchicum Autumnale : Useful for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis where the slightest touch worsens joint pain. Useful when child screams in pain when the affected joint is touched. Mostly useful for the joints mainly include those of fingers, toes, wrist, and ankle. Very useful when joints are stiff, hot, painful and swollen.Also recommended for Joint pain that worsens at night
Pulsatilla Nigricans : Useful for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis with shifting joint pains. Usefull for pain appears in one joint and rapidly shifts to another. Useful for the joints that are red, swollen and inflamed. Very useful for rheumatism that gets triggered from getting wet
Ledum Palustre : Helpful medicines for juvenile rheumatoid arthritis that starts in the lower limbs and then, ascends upwards. Useful for the joints that are painful, especially at night. Warm applications on joint worsen pain. Cold applications bring some relief.Useful for swelling and pain in knees, feet, and ankles that worsens with movement. Useful for simultaneous pain in the left shoulder and right hip joint are also very well treated with Ledum Palustre.