Anosmia is the partial or complete loss of the sense of smell. This loss may be temporary or permanent. Common conditions that irritate the nose’s lining, such as allergies or a cold, can lead to temporary anosmia.
More serious conditions that affect the brain or nerves, such as brain tumors or head trauma, can cause permanent loss of smell. Old age sometimes causes anosmia.
Anosmia usually isn’t serious, but it can have a profound effect on a person’s quality of life.
People with anosmia may not be able to fully taste foods and may lose interest in eating. This can lead to weight loss or malnutrition. Anosmia can also lead to depression because it may impair one’s ability to smell or taste pleasurable foods.
Anosmia is frequently caused by a swelling or blockage in the nose that prevents odors from getting to the top of the nose. Anosmia is sometimes caused by a problem with the system that sends signals from the nose to the brain.
This can result from:
A cold is the most common cause of partial and temporary loss of smell. In these cases, the anosmia will go away on its own.
Loss of smell can occur if something is physically blocking the passage of air into the nose. This may include:
There are receptors inside the nose that send information through nerves to the brain. Anosmia can occur if any part of this pathway is damaged. There are many conditions that can cause this damage, including:
In rare cases, people are born without a sense of smell due to a genetic condition. This is called congenital anosmia.
Alumina:Useful for anosmia with diminished sense of smell.There is pain in root of nose.Useful for cracked nose with sore nostrils worse by touch.There is fluent coryza with dry,distended and bloggy nose.
Natrum Mur: Useful for anosmia with loss of smell and taste.There is internal soreness of nose.Useful for violent, fluent coryza with continous sneezings.There is great weakness and weariness. Useful for thin watery discharge from nose like raw white of egg.
Pulsatilla:Useful for anosmia with loss of smell.Useful for changability of symptoms.Useful for coryza with obstruction of nostrils especially right nostril. There is pressing pain in root of nose.Useful for large green, foetid scales in nose. There is dryness of mouth without thirst.