RHEUMATIC HEART DISEASE
It is a serious complication of rheumatic fever. It refers to the chronic heart valve damage that can develop years after a bout of rheumatic fever, often leading to heart failure if left untreated.
Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory autoimmune disease that can develop as a result of inadequately treated strep throat or scarlet fever. When this happens, the immune system responds abnormally with chronic inflammation and the gradual deposit of calcium crystals in and around the valves of the heart.Rheumatic fever is most common in children and adolescents.
Acute rheumatic fever can trigger inflammation of the heart, either on the surface of the heart (pericarditis), within the heart (endocarditis), or involving the heart muscle itself (myocarditis).
In persons experiencing endocarditis, the inflammatory response can cause persistent damage to one or more of the four heart valves. Once this type of damage occurs, it typically worsens over time.
Rheumatic heart disease affects around half of all people who have had an acute rheumatic fever. Most cases are diagnosed 10 to 20 years after the rheumatic event. Those who have had multiple bouts are at greatest risk.
Manifestations of Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic heart disease can manifest with different complications depending on which valve is affected and in which way the valve has been damaged.
Among the most common forms of rheumatic heart disease:
- Mitral valve disease - It refers to the excessive deposit of calcium on the mitral valve. The mitral valve is the valve that lets blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle. The accumulation of calcium can prevent the valve from opening completely (mitral stenosis) or opening at all. This ultimately leads to a leaky valve, commonly referred to as mitral regurgitation.
- Aortic valve disease -It refers to excessive calcium deposits which affect the aortic valve separating the left ventricle from the aorta. These deposits can lead to the development of aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, or both.
- Tricuspid regurgitation - It refers to the tricuspid valve separating the right atrium from the left ventricle. The condition commonly accompanies aortic and/or mitral valve disease.
- Atrial fibrillation - It refers to irregular and often rapid heart rate caused by decreased blood flow and is most often associated with mitral stenosis.
Clearly, the best way to deal with a condition like rheumatic heart disease is to prevent it. Once a person has had rheumatic fever, it is important to prevent future episodes. For persons with evidence of rheumatic heart disease.People who have experienced acute rheumatic fever should undergo an annual physical exam to check for a possible heart murmur or any other heart abnormality.
If diagnosed with rheumatic heart disease, it is important to have regular monitor of the condition with an echocardiogram and other diagnostic tools.
Homoeopathy plays a supportive treatment rheumatic heart disease by reducing the present complaint of the person.Homoeopathy treat patient as a whole,so it is important to take homoeopathic medicine by going through the whole process of case taking so that similimum must be selected.Homoeopathy help to boost the immunity of a person and make him capable to fight against disease condition.
ARSENICUM ALBUM -Very useful when person suffers from Palpitation , pain and dyspnea. Helpful in Rheumatic heart for the person who is cigarette smokers and tobacco chewers.
AURUM MET - There is pain in heart with feeling as if the heart stopped beating for two or three seconds. Very useful for Rheumatism with hypertension
CACTUS GRANDIFLORUS -Useful for heart pain with feeling of constriction in it.Also useful for vertigo and low blood pressure.