A congenital heart disease is a structural problem of the heart which is present at birth. Congenital heart defects are the most common type of birth defect. The defects can involve ;
The heart walls
The heart valves
The blood vessels
Veins near the heart
They can disrupt the normal blood flow through the heart. The blood flow can slow down, go in the wrong direction or to the wrong place, or be blocked completely.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and PreventionTrusted Source, there are currently 1 million adults and 1 million children in the United States living with congenital heart defects. Treatments and follow-up care for defects have improved drastically over the past few decades, so nearly all children with heart defects survive into adulthood. Some need continuous care for their heart defect throughout their lives. However, many go on to have active and productive lives despite their condition.
TYPES OF CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE
Though there are many different types of congenital heart disease, they can be divided into three main categories:
Heart valve defects- In this the valves inside the heart that direct blood flow may close up or leak.
Heart wall defects-In this the natural walls that exist between the left and right sides and the upper and lower chambers of the heart may not develop correctly, causing blood to back up into the heart or to build up in places where it doesn’t belong. The defect puts pressure on the heart to work harder, which may result in high blood pressure.
Blood vessel defects-In thisthe arteries and veins that carry blood to the heart and back out to the body may not function correctly. This can reduce or block blood flow, leading to various health complications.
CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASE
1. CYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE
In this there is low levels of oxygen in the blood due to which babies have reduced oxygen levels and experience breathlessness and a bluish tint to their skin.
2. ACYANOTIC CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE
In this oxygen level in the blood is normal. Babies having enough oxygen in their blood don’t display these symptoms, but they may still develop complications later in life, such as high blood pressure.
In both types, the heart isn’t pumping blood as efficiently as it should.
SYMPTOMS OF CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE
A congenital heart disease is often detected during a pregnancy ultrasound. If there is an abnormal heartbeat, for instance, they may further investigate the issue by performing certain tests. These may include an echocardiogram, a chest X-ray, or an MRI scan.
Newborns with heart defects may experience:
Bluish lips, skin, fingers, and toes
Breathlessness or trouble breathing
Low birth weight
In other cases, the symptoms of a congenital heart disease may not appear until many years after birth. Once symptoms do develop, they may include:
Abnormal heart rhythms
Congenital heart disease occurs with problem in the heart’s structure. there is a problem in normal flow of blood through the heart, which may affect breathing. Actual cause is still unknown, suspected causes include the following:
The heart defect may run in families.
Taking certain prescription drugs during pregnancy puts a child at a higher risk for a heart defect.
Using alcohol or illegal drugs during pregnancy can increase a child’s risk of having a heart defect.
Mothers who had a viral infection during the first trimester of pregnancy are more likely to give birth to a child with a heart defect.
TREATMENTS AND CARE
It is possible that congenital heart disease has no long-term effects on the health of our child. In fact in some cases it can very well go untreated. In fact, symptoms of the same may only surface during adulthood. Some defects however, have to be treated instantly as they are found depending on the heart disease.Some of the treatments could involve treatment with catheters, open-heart surgery could be suggested, heart transplant and in other cases medication could do the trick.
Diet also plays a very essential role for children who suffer from congenital heart disease. Speaking with a Registered Holistic Nutritionist can help you understand what foods can help keep the heart healthy. A homeopath too can help keep the heart strong.
CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE IN ADULTS
Depending on the defect, diagnosis and treatment may begin shortly after birth, during childhood, or in adulthood. Some defects don’t cause any symptoms until the child becomes an adult, so diagnosis and treatment may be delayed. In these cases, the symptoms of a newly discovered congenital heart defect may include:
shortness of breath
a reduced ability to exercise
being easily fatigued
Women who are pregnant or plan on becoming pregnant can take certain precautions to lower their risk of giving birth to a baby with a congenital heart defect:
If mother have diabetes, make sure her blood sugar levels are under control before becoming pregnant. It’s also important to work with doctor to manage the disease while pregnant.
If mother is not vaccinated against rubella, or German measles, avoid exposure to the disease ,
If there is any family history of congenital heart defects,go for genetic screening. Certain genes may contribute to abnormal heart development.
Avoid drinking alcohol and using illegal drugs during pregnancy.
HOMOEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE
There are numerous types of congenital heart defects. They can range from simple conditions that don’t cause symptoms to complex problems that cause severe, life-threatening symptoms.Homeopathy is another medical science having the comprehensive approach towards Congenital Heart Disease patient. Homeopathy treat patient as a whole, not just like the diseased parts of the body.It depend on totality of symptoms of the disease which help to improve general health of patient.
Abhi Homoeo Clinic is a one and half decade old renowned clinic that offers the best quality, non-toxic and highly effective treatment in Ranchi, Patna and Delhi.