Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.
After skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women in the United States. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women, but it's far more common in women.
Substantial support for breast cancer awareness and research funding has helped created advances in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer. Breast cancer survival rates have increased, and the number of deaths associated with this disease is steadily declining, largely due to factors such as earlier detection, a new personalized approach to treatment and a better understanding of the disease.
TYPES OF CANCER
- Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
- Inflammatory breast cancer
- Invasive lobular carcinoma
- Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS)
- Male breast cancer
- Paget's disease of the breast
- Recurrent breast cancer
SYMPTOMS OF BREAST CANCER
Signs and symptoms of breast cancer may include:
- A breast lump or thickening that feels different from the surrounding tissue
- Change in the size, shape or appearance of a breast
- Changes to the skin over the breast, such as dimpling
- A newly inverted nipple
- Peeling, scaling, crusting or flaking of the pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple (areola) or breast skin
- Redness or pitting of the skin over your breast, like the skin of an orange
- Stage 0 (noninvasive, carcinoma in situ) breast cancer: – In this stage, there is no evidence of cancer cells invading or spreading to the neighboring normal tissue.
- Stage I breast cancer: – In this stage, the tumor measures up to two centimeters and no lymph nodes are involved.
- Stage II (invasive) breast cancer: – In this stage, the tumor measures between two to five centimeters, or the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes under the arm on the same side as the breast cancer.
- Stage III (locally advanced) breast cancer: – In this stage, the tumor in the breast is more than two inches in diameter and more than this or has spread to other lymph nodes or tissues near the breast.
- Stage IV (metastatic) breast cancer: – In this stage, the cancer has spread beyond the breast, underarm and internal mammary lymph nodes to other parts of the body near to or distant from the breast.
- Recurrent breast cancer: – In recurrent breast cancer, the disease has returned in spite of the initial treatment.
CAUSES OF BREAST CANCER
Breast cancer occurs when some breast cells begin to grow abnormally. These cells divide more rapidly than healthy cells do and continue to accumulate, forming a lump or mass. Cells may spread (metastasize) through your breast to your lymph nodes or to other parts of your body.
Breast cancer most often begins with cells in the milk-producing ducts (invasive ductal carcinoma). Breast cancer may also begin in the glandular tissue called lobules (invasive lobular carcinoma) or in other cells or tissue within the breast.
Researchers have identified hormonal, lifestyle and environmental factors that may increase your risk of breast cancer. But it's not clear why some people who have no risk factors develop cancer, yet other people with risk factors never do. It's likely that breast cancer is caused by a complex interaction of your genetic makeup and environment.
Inherited breast cancer
A number of inherited mutated genes that can increase the likelihood of breast cancer have been identified. The most well-known are breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) and breast cancer gene 2 (BRCA2), both of which significantly increase the risk of both breast and ovarian cancer.
If have a strong family history of breast cancer or other cancers.
A breast cancer risk factor is anything that makes it more likely get breast cancer. But having one or even several breast cancer risk factors doesn't necessarily mean to develop breast cancer. Many women who develop breast cancer have no known risk factors other than simply being women.
Factors that are associated with an increased risk of breast cancer include:
- Being female. Women are much more likely than men are to develop breast cancer.
- Increasing age. Risk of breast cancer increases as age.
- A personal history of breast conditions. If some one had a breast biopsy that found lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) or atypical hyperplasia of the breast,they have an increased risk of breast cancer.
- A personal history of breast cancer. If some one had breast cancer in one breast, they have an increased risk of developing cancer in the other breast.
- A family history of breast cancer. If mother, sister or daughter was diagnosed with breast cancer, particularly at a young age, your risk of breast cancer is increased. Still, the majority of people diagnosed with breast cancer have no family history of the disease.
- Inherited genes that increase cancer risk. Certain gene mutations that increase the risk of breast cancer can be passed from parents to children. The most well-known gene mutations are referred to as BRCA1 and BRCA2. These genes can greatly increase the risk of breast cancer and other cancers, but they don't make cancer inevitable.
- Radiation exposure. radiation treatments to chest as a child or young adult, the risk of breast cancer is increased.
- Obesity. Being obese increases the risk of breast cancer.
- Beginning period at a younger age. Beginning of period before age 12 increases risk of breast cancer.
- Beginning menopause at an older age. menopause at an older age, more likely to develop breast cancer.
- Having first child at an older age. Women who give birth to their first child after age 30 may have an increased risk of breast cancer.
- Having never been pregnant. Women who have never been pregnant have a greater risk of breast cancer than do women who have had one or more pregnancies.
- Postmenopausal hormone therapy. Women who take hormone therapy medications that combine estrogen and progesterone to treat the signs and symptoms of menopause have an increased risk of breast cancer. The risk of breast cancer decreases when women stop taking these medications.
- Drinking alcohol. Drinking alcohol increases the risk of breast cancer.
HOMEOPATHIC TREATMENT OF BREAST CANCER
Conium Mac : Conium maculatum is a excellent medicine for breast cancer where mammary glands are hard and sore. A typical breast cancer that is scirrhous adenocarcinomas, which begins in the ducts and invades the parenchyma. Sometimes the condition is associated with the inflammation of breast tissue.
The region is hard and nodular, tender to touch. Piercing pains, worse at night. Burning and stinging type of pain in the breast. The skin over the tumor is adherent.
Occasionally there is discharge of pus from nipple. The lesion is hard, almost cartilaginous. The edges are distinct serrated and irregular, associated with productive fibrosis. the breasts are painful even to the touch of the clothes or the jar of walking. Cancer after injury (like a blow) or trauma to breast.
Baryta carb : Inflammation, indurations and enlargement is the fundamental pathogenesis of this drug. The mammary gland is enlarged and it is lumped, hard, stony in nature. It is very sensitive to touch. The glands which are enlarged are tender with infiltration.
Patient present as lobular but not serrated mass with firm rubbery consistency. Their edges are sharply defined. Most commonly the tumors are solitary or occasionally be multiple. A bloody nipple discharge is indication of this drug.
Hydrastis Can : The patient have tendency to indurate glands. Swelling of the mammary glands. Patient complaints of pain and tenderness. Engorged nipples, cracks and discharge of watery, of serosanguinous discharge.
Iodium : This remedy predominantly acts on the enlargement of the mammary gland which may be malignant. The mucus membrane of the glands and the breast tissue are inflamed. The breast tissue is hypertrophied, enlarged, hard and nodular. Tumors are well differentiated.
Phytolacca : Cancer of the mammae; Hard, irregular tumor with retracted nipples, sore lame feeling extended to the arm. Pain in the nipple, which was fissured across the crown. The breasts are very sensitive during nursing, with an excessive flow of milk. They have a tendency to suppurate. The pains seem to radiate or extend from the nipples to all over the body, especially down the arm from the axilla.
Calcarea fluor : This remedy corresponds to hard indurated swellings in the female breast. It is useful both for fibroadenomas as well as breast cancer.
Pulsatilla : Development of breast tumors after suppression of menses or with scanty and irregular menstruation. Extreme sensitivity to pain in general. Desire for sympathy and weeping while telling her complaints.
Note: Breast cancer is a serious medical condition and may require emergency intervention. If a patient suspects having cancer or lump in breast, they should immediately consult a physician for proper diagnosis and treatment.e.t.c
Or As Directed by Physician